The signs of ageing are often caused by invisible changes beneath the skin’s surface. Anti-wrinkle injections can reduce fine lines and deep furrows in the upper facial area by relaxing the muscles underneath, while dermal fillers can restore lost volume. The aim is to create a relaxed look - not frozen or puffy!
Lines appear on the forehead, between the brows and around the eyes, causing frown lines and crows feet - and a sagging appearance that can give a tired, worn look. Prolonged sun exposure causes pigmented age spots to appear, while skin around the eyes can become darker in colour and start to ‘hollow’. Wrinkle injections, dermal fillers, laser therapy and the right combination of active skincare ingredients can address these concerns.
Repeated muscle action from expressions like smiling or being angry causes wrinkles to appear around the forehead between the brows and around the eyes. These wrinkles can then deepen and become more permanent - they are called ‘static’ lines, and can be softened through the use of cosmetic wrinkle injections. Likewise, as we age, we loose muscle tone in our face, which changes the shape and firmness; this can be replaced by dermal filler.
The smooth, full curves that give our face a healthy, vital appearance are largely due to fat pads under our skin, which shrink and move south as we age. Diminishing fat pads cause a reduction in facial volume and the hydrated appearance of our skin. As a result, it also creates hollowing around the forehead, eyes and temples, giving a ‘sunken’ look. Dermal fillers restore lost fat, with a soft range of gel options, mimicking lost volume.
Just like other areas of the body, our facial bones also begin to diminish as we age. Even the healthiest people find that the actual structure that once provided support to the skin, muscle and fat pads decreases, loosing shape, firmness and volume. Bone loss around the eye and temples area contributes to the formation of hollows that give a sunken appearance. A firm dermal filler can be strategically placed to replace lost bone structure in the upper face.
What causes upper face ageing?
Lines on the forehead, crow’s feet and those deep furrows between the eyes are the result of repeated muscle contractions from our facial expressions.
When our skin loses elasticity as well, these lines stay put, even when our face is at rest - these are called static lines. These lines can prematurely age the face, making us look older or more worn than we feel. Consequently, they’re an areas that areas many women and men would like to do something positive about.
Will I look frozen puffy or fake with cosmetic injections?
Our approach to upper face ageing is committed to producing natural-looking results. This is achieved through our techniques, the type of product injected - and the amount used.
What is it like to have cosmetic wrinkle injections or dermal fillers?
Anti-wrinkle injections are a quick, safe, non-surgical option for smoothing out the upper face area. For muscle relaxants, minute injections into the muscles underneath cause them to temporarily relax. The treatment takes a few minutes, and over the coming days and weeks you’ll notice a softening of the appearance of lines and creates smoother looking skin. Dermal fillers can also be used to restore the volume and moisture loss that also accompanies the passage of time, creating a plumper, more hydrated look. Around they eyes they can add volume above your eyes to achieve a less tired look and, when combined with anti-wrinkle injections, contribute to an overall rejuvenation of the upper face. Dermal fillers are injected using a fine needle or cannula, and create an immediate result.
Simple and in most cases very tolerable, anti-wrinkle injections have a greater effect when they are done regularly - every 3 to 4 months preferably.
How long will the treatment last?
Fillers last up to 24 months, and anti-wrinkle injections last 3 to 4 months.
Which cosmetic injections are right for me?
Consult an experienced and qualified clinician before undertaking any cosmetic facial changes; despite being non-invasive, incorrectly administered wrinkle injections and dermal fillers can still create undesirable alterations to the face. Dermal fillers and wrinkle injections should only be prescribed after a facial assessment has been undertaken to ascertain the best products, and placement, for your long term results. To talk to a clinician about your areas of concern, and which treatment plan is best for you, call our friendly team on 3202 4744 or email email@example.com
Breast augmentation surgery increases the volume of the breast for women with naturally small breasts, as well as replacing depleted volume following breastfeeding or weight loss.
It can also be used to change the breast shape for women who have developmental and chest wall deformities, such as tubular breasts or asymmetry. We often get asked about the difference between saline and silicone implants, and their risks and benefits.
The ‘shell’ of a breast implant is made from an inert polymer called silicone; this can be either smooth or textured. Smooth walled implants move around subtly in the breast pocket, which means they can mimic the movement of a natural breast - and textured implants encourage soft tissue ingrowth into their small surface interstices, keeping the implant more stiffly in place.
Breast implants have a variety of base widths, projection amounts and volumes (measure in ‘cc’). There’s no one size fits all approach to breast augmentation; the best implant for each breast is thoughtfully selected and matched to the corresponding space to achieve the specific goals for each patient; indeed, sometimes two different implants will be selected for one patient, as each breast can be different.
What are breast implants filled with?
Silicone gel breast implants
Silicone gel is an inert polymer with no known human allergies, sensitivities or reactions. Likened to the consistency of turkish delight or gummy bear sweets, the molecules are stuck to one another in a cohesive matrix. In comparison to saline, it flows differently within its shell and can often create a more natural look and feel to the breast, like breast tissue, while retaining more form and shape. These are by far the most-commonly used type of breast implants in Australia.
Saline breast implants
Saline is sterile water. These prosthesis consist of a silicone shell containing saline water. Underneath thin skin, folds of a saline implant might be seen or felt more easily, causing a rippling or wrinkling appearance. These implants are less commonly used in modern plastic surgery.
How have breast implants improved or changed over the years?
Silicone gel implants were first created in the late 1960s and have undergone several different evolutions, with modern generation implants featuring technological improvements. Saline implants are an alternative to silicone, becoming popular in the 1990’s, and decreasing in popularity since the early 2000’s. Over the last 20 years, significant advances have been made in silicone gel implants; both in safety and function, but also in their physical characteristics, options and the aesthetic result they produce. Contemporary silicone implants have a slightly higher fill (96% fill versus the previous generation’s 85% fill) and more cross linking of the silicone molecules, increasing the cohesiveness of the silicone.
What variants of silicone implants are available?
Variable cohesiveness of silicone implants
Different degrees of cohesiveness (cross linking of the silicone molecules) are now available in silicone gel breast implants. The least cohesive implants are softest and flow most easily, and are most commonly used for routine breast augmentation using round implants. Higher cohesive silicone implants tend to hold their shape most firmly, with potential advantages for post-mastectomy breast reconstruction. For anatomical implants, a higher cohesive gel is used in order for them to hold their shape, and achieve the specific projection or balance of fullness that the patient requires to achieve their desired result.
How do we know breast implants are safe?
Silicone gel breast implants are the most widely studied medical device in the history of medical devices; primarily because so many women have them (last year 1.5 million implants were implanted worldwide). Historically, silicone gel implants received negative publicity in the 1980s and 1990s, with apparent claims of adverse associated health problems, prompting removal and replacement of older silicone implants with saline filled devices. But since that time, silicone implants have changed dramatically - and extensive clinical research with long term follow up has confirmed no association between silicone gel implants and breast cancer or chronic autoimmune disease. In more recent times, breast implants have been linked to anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL); a very rare cancer of the implant capsule (not cancer that originates in breast tissue) and that can be effectively treated, when detected early. Recent media reports may have caused confusion amongst women who have - or are considering getting - breast implants for augmentation or reconstruction. This post clarifies what we know about BIA-ALCL.
The breast implants Dr Sharp primarily uses are of extremely high quality, and carry the lowest possible risk of ALCL forming.
For more information about breast augmentation, breast implant science and safety, visit a RACS qualified plastic surgeon who is an ASPS member - and #doyourhomework before having any cosmetic surgery procedure.
Ask us your breast implant questions!
Research shows that when women who have had a breast reduction are compared to a group of women of similar weight who haven’t had a breast reduction, their breastfeeding rates are about the same (approximately 65%).
It is important to remember that breast reduction surgery involves the nipple being moved to a new position, which can result in disruption of the nerve supply to the nipple and areola. It can also disrupt the milk glands and milk ducts. However, nerves can regrow, albeit slowly - and glandular tissue can develop during pregnancy.
If you are having a breast reduction and plan on breastfeeding in the future, you should discuss this with your surgeon.
Breast implant associated-anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a very rare cancer that can be effectively treated, when detected early. Recent media reports may have caused confusion amongst women who have - or are considering getting - breast implants for augmentation or reconstruction. This post seeks to clarify what we know about BIA-ALCL.
Last year 1.5 million implants were inserted worldwide. The number of people having breast implant surgery in Australia has risen by more than 1,000% since 2005, from approximately 4,000 per year - to over 40,000. More people have implants now than ever before, and so we would expect the number of people reporting complications now to be proportionally higher than what they were 5, 10 or 20 years ago.
The TGA has been posting updated information about BIA-ALCL since 2011. As of August 2017, we haven’t seen one case of BIA-ALCL in our clinic, nor amongst our patients.
What is BIA-ALCL?
It is a cancer of lymphatic cells; a form of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (not breast cancer).
What causes BIA-ALCL?
Media focus has concentrated predominantly on implants, but there’s actually 4 unifying factors that contribute to an increased risk of BIA-ALCL:
• Textured implants with a high surface area texture
• Bacterial contamination at the time of surgery
• Patient genetic predisposition
• Time for the process to develop
How long does BIA-ALCL take to develop?
An average of 7-10 years after implant insertion. But women who have breast implants should regularly check their breasts for changes at any stage after breast augmentation surgery - most of all for actual breast cancer, which occurs in 1 in 8 women, whether they’ve had augmentation surgery or not.
What is the treatment and prognosis?
Early stage disease is curative with surgery alone. Advanced disease requires chemotherapy. Disease which has spread through the capsule and formed a mass - or which has spread to local lymph glands - has a worse prognosis. There have been 12 deaths world wide; 3 of these were in Australia.
How common is BIA-ALCL?
It is a very rare cancer. Patients who have the implants in place that Dr Sharp predominantly uses (see below) have a 1 in 60,000 chance of developing ALCL.
If I have textured implants, do I need to have them removed?
If you have no symptoms, you do not need to have your implants removed.
Do some implants have a reduced risk?
Yes; as mentioned above, according to the current available data, the chance of developing ALCL if you have the textured cohesive gel implants that Dr Sharp predominantly uses, is 1 in 60,000. For other brands of implants, this rate can be as high as 1 in 4,000.
What are the symptoms of BIA-ALCL?
The common presentation is fluid swelling around the breast implant and in the space between the implant and breast implant capsule – called a ‘late seroma’. The diagnosis of the tumor is made by examining the seroma fluid.
Is BIA-ALCL breast cancer?
BIA-ALCL not breast cancer. Breast cancer affects 1 in 8 Australian women
How common are textured breast implants?
There are approximately 60 million textured breast implants implanted in women. Of these, there have been only 388 independent confirmed cases of BIA-ALCL. 55 of these were in Australia.
Which breast implants does Dr Sharp use?
It is important to know the name of your breast implants, however TGA regulations prevent us from naming the brand publicly. Dr Sharp’s patients receive their breast implant identifying details (including brand name, style, size and lot/reference number) after their surgery. If you can’t locate this information, we are able to provide the implant details if you send us an email or call us on 3202 4744. The implants Dr Sharp uses are backed by substantial clinical data demonstrating safety. The evidence continues to support the safe use of these implants, which have the lowest rate of BIA-ALCL.
What does Dr Sharp do to reduce his patients’ risk of developing BIA-ALCL?
ALCL has been associated also with bacterial infection at the time of surgery. Dr Sharp upholds the highest hygiene standards when implanting. He only performs breast augmentation surgery in accredited hospitals. He has committed to the Macquarie 14 Point Plan which is a series of steps that can be taken by surgeons to reduce infection risk for implant cases. The names of the surgeons committed to these risk reduction measures in their operative techniques are publicly available here.
If you have had breast augmentation surgery and have any concerns, it’s important to:
- Promptly discuss any concerns you have with your treating surgeon.
- Be informed about the type of implants you have had placed; your surgeon should be able to provide you with this information.
- The Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons and the Australian Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons urges women with breast implants to be vigilant in monitoring for any changes or swelling in their breasts and to contact their doctor if this occurs.
BIA-ALCL is a very rare disease, but as always, it is important to know your breasts, monitor them and if you notice changes, promptly speak to your surgeon – we encourage regular self examination and prompt investigation of any concerns. We always set aside consultation time for urgent concerns, to ensure our breast augmentation patients are offered a consultation with Dr Sharp as quickly as possible if they are worried about their implants.
If you are considering breast augmentation surgery and have any concerns:
- Ask your surgeon as a first point of contact; with so much information online, it’s easy to consult forum chatter before your surgeon! Your plastic surgeon is being kept up to date with the latest facts and research, so they have the most accurate information available.
- Don’t proceed with surgery if you have doubts or concerns. Breast augmentation surgery isn’t medically required or something you have to do in a fixed time frame. It’s important to feel 100% comfortable and confident before proceeding with any cosmetic procedure, so don’t hesitate to postpone or cancel your plans if you are unsure of, or uncomfortable with, the risks.
- Book additional consultations with your surgeon if you need more information.
If you have any concerns, please contact us on 3202 4744 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Ask us your questions here!
Size doesn’t matter, but shape does.
Beautiful breasts come in all shapes and sizes, but there is an undeniable, natural tenancy for the human eye - and brain - to register certain proportions as more ideal than others. Scientists now claim to know exactly which breast type the human eye prefers, and apparently it is not only about size.
Conducted by British researchers, the population analysis was published in the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery journal, with the aim to shed light on the size and shape objectives for breast reconstruction surgery after mastectomies and breast augmentations. Researchers found a preference for shapely, perkier breasts - instead of the larger kind.
Of the 1,315 respondents asked to rank the attractiveness of images of four women with varying breast proportions, 87% of women, 90% of men and 94% of plastic surgeons scored breasts with an upper pole–to–lower pole ratio of 45:55 as the aesthetic ideal. The ‘upper’ pole of a breast sits above the areola/nipple complex - with the ‘lower’ pole sitting below. The study confirmed previous research that found the 45:55 ratio had universal appeal in defining the ideal breast.
Breast shape and size can vary significantly during a woman’s lifetime as they go through puberty, gain or lose weight, have children, breastfeed, age or fight cancer. The purpose of the study was to define aesthetic ideals and goals, particularly for breast reconstruction following mastectomy surgery, as well as the (increasingly popular) breast augmentation and breast lift/reduction procedures.
Modern advancements in breast surgery, including the availability of various flap and implant reconstructions, acellular dermal matrix for inframammary support, a wider range of breast implant profiles and the evolution of the dual plane technique of augmentation have provided surgeons with more tools than ever before, to achieve a more natural-looking outcome for surgery patients.
So the message is: bigger isn’t always better - it’s more about shape, healthy proportions and natural-looking curves!
Despite the fact that most breast augmentation patients are aged 30-plus, we still receive a lot of interest in this procedure from young women and sometimes teens. During 2015 in the United States, 279,143 women had a breast augmentation procedure - of these,
7,840 were girls and young women aged 13 to 19 years old, with an additional 1,797 teens receiving breast lifts.
Although Australian data isn’t available, interest in breast augmentation surgery amongst adolescent females is thought to be associated with increased social media pressure and easier access to cut-price surgery, which places procedures that were once cost-prohibitive, within closer reach of younger people.
When considering breast augmentation, Dr Sharp asks young women to think about the following questions:
- Have your breasts stopped developing? Your breast size should have remained unchanged for 12 months prior to surgery - this can happen anytime up until your early 20’s.
- Do you have a lack of breast development - or are they a proportionate size for your body, but you’d like them to be bigger?
- What factors are driving you to have the procedure; is it your own perception of your breasts - or your boyfriend seems to prefer large-breasted women, or your friends have commented about your breast size?
- How long ago did you start considering plastic surgery?
- What’s your ideal shape and breast size; what do you hope your body shape looks like in 5, 10 or 20 years?
- What will happen if you need revisional surgery in the near future? Who will fund this, and will you have private health insurance to cover some of your costs?
- What are the risks involved in this surgery? How do those risks make you feel?
It’s normal for a teenager to want larger breasts, or to wish they felt more womanly and developed. In some cases this is well-founded, as normal breast development does not occur, or only partially occurs, for some females.
But conversely, it’s important not undertake cosmetic surgery while the body is still developing - and equally as important - still emotionally maturing. In addition to development that may occur in the late teens, growth charts indicate that the average young woman gains weight between the ages of 18 and 21, and that is likely to change her desire or need for breast augmentation.
A longitudinal study that followed Norwegian male and female individuals between 13 and 30 years of age found a significant growth in self satisfaction and positive body image as the participants progressed through the teenage years, followed by a general stabilisation of body image satisfaction in adulthood. This indicates that many adolescents who are dissatisfied with their appearance will feel more satisfied a few years later, whether or not they undergo surgery.
It is also important to consider complications. Many women who have breast implants experience including infection, hematomas and seromas, capsular contracture, loss of nipple sensation and hypertrophic or keloid scarring. A teenager may require repeated surgeries throughout her lifetime to replace implants or revise her breasts.
Dr Sharp does operate on teenagers who have breast issues, but he does not offer cosmetic breast enhancement for young women under the age of 18. The exception to this is rare cases whereby breast surgery it is part of a reconstructive procedure - and even then, most will be delayed until breast growth has well and truly finished.
For these reasons, sometimes Dr Sharp will also recommend that the patient consults a psychologist prior to having surgery to assess the patient’s self perception and appropriateness for body-changing procedure.
The excitement and perceived glamour of cosmetic surgery can sometimes overwhelm good judgement - at any age. But the risks of performing cosmetic surgery on bodies that have not reached maturation make the stakes even higher for teens. The operative complications and long term physical changes created by these procedures - and the psychological implications of surgery on a developing body image - must be considered first by teenagers and their families before taking the first steps towards cosmetic surgery upon completion of their breast development.
What is an allograft?
Allograft is an organ or tissue donated from one individual to another.
What is an acellular dermal matrix?
It is an allograft made from donated human dermis (skin). An acellular dermal matrix (ADM) is a soft tissue substitute that can replace or support tissues; in plastic surgery they are increasingly being used for breast implant revision and breast reconstruction surgery. Derived from donated human skin, it looks like a thin layer of white leather. The matrix undergoes a number of processes to remove the epidermis, sterilise the matrix and reduce the likelihood of a rejection response.
How does Dr Sharp use ADM?
Dr Sharp uses the latest generation of ADM, developed specifically for restorative breast surgery. It provides lower-pole support for women having an implant placed in their breast that may require additional tissue to support the lower portion of the implant - for example, in breast reconstructions or breast implant revision surgery. The mesh is attached to the pectoralis muscle in the chest – increasing the size of the pocket in which the implant is placed - acting as a hammock, cradling the breast implant and helping to create a more natural breast contour. The use of an acellular dermal matrix offers a number of advantages as it provides structural support for the breast, acts as tissue matrix for the body’s own tissue ingrowth, produces consistent results and is available in multiple sizes to meet the needs of each patient’s surgery.
How is ADM used in breast implant surgery?
ADM can be used as a support ‘sling’ for the breast implant, where natural tissue is lacking or deficient. This is increasingly common among women who have had large breast implants in the past; their internal tissues are unable to cope with the weight and strain of the oversized implants, and in some cases, the implants ‘bottom out’ or form a double bubble deformity. ADM can be used to provide additional breast implant support during revisional surgery, helping to restore the inframamary fold.
How is ADM used in breast reconstruction surgery?
ADM can be used for patients undergoing breast reconstruction after mastectomy, acting as a scaffold to create a more natural looking breast. The matrix allows the placement of a breast implant immediately after a mastectomy is completed, and is suitable for women who have different types of mastectomies. The technique facilitates additional implant coverage and support while enabling larger implants to be placed.
Is ADM safe?
Advanced processing and testing ensure that patients receive healthy tissue that has been produced to the highest standards, and supplied with the same sterility assurance as injectable medications. ADM’s are increasingly used by surgeons internationally to provide implant or tissue expander coverage. A survey of surgeons in the US showed that greater than 50% of American Society of Plastic Surgeons who perform implant based reconstructions use ADM.
What does acellular dermal matrix cost?
ADM is now listed on the Medicare Benefits Schedule, meaning that where its use is deemed medically required, it is accompanied by an item number and rebate. If you have private health insurance and ADM is required to complete your breast reconstruction or implant revision procedure, your health fund may cover its cost.
Possible risks of using ADM include:
- Dehiscence and/or necrosis
- Immune response to some component of the graft
Ask us for more information about the use of alloplastic dermal matrix in breast surgery...
Genioplasty - or chin augmentation surgery - is one of the fastest growing procedures in the US and UK. Although Australia does not record genioplasty rates, chin augmentation surgery is one of the procedures men enquire about most commonly in our clinics.
In males, the chin is one feature of sexual dimorphism (a distinct difference in appearance between males and females). Usually patients are seeking to create a more balanced profile, or a sharper jawline.
Sometimes patients feel their nose projects too far, when in fact it is their recessed or small chin creating an unbalanced profile, enlarging the appearance of their nose. By enhancing their chin, their nose is balanced out and appears less prominent.
Marilyn Munroe reportedly had cartilage inserted into her chin to redefine her profile in the 1950’s, however modern genioplasty accentuates the chin utilising advanced implant technology. Dr Sharp sculpts the implant during the procedure to fit the patient’s individual jawline. Under general anaesthetic, the implant is inserted into the chin via a small incision under the chin. Initial swelling abates after about 2 week, with the final result visible approximately 6 weeks after the surgery, when the residual swelling has resolved.
The procedures is sometimes combined with rhinoplasty or facelift surgery to harmonise the face and define the patient’s jawline.
In most cases, genioplasty is performed as a cosmetic procedure - but it can also be utilised for reconstructive facial surgery, to restore a jawline that has suffered a traumatic injury or cancer. As with all operations, there is a risk of potential complications such as infection, bleeding and altered sensation.
How much does chin implant surgery cost?
The procedure usually costs between $6,000 to $7,000 - and is most commonly performed as day surgery.
Enquire about chin augmentation surgery with Dr Sharp
Queensland winters are typically mild, and although our skin does not suffer the extreme cold of other climates, winter can still leave us with dry, unhappy skin. As we move into the warmer months, Dr Sharp and our dermal clinician Deborah have 4 tips for restoring a luminous complexion, ready for summer…
During winter you may notice the evidence of last summer’s sun exposure coming through, with sun spots and pigmentation. Resurfacing the skin by removing its upper layers through Fraxel laser has a dual effect, both lifting off old, pigmented skin and precancerous skin growths (actinic or solar keratosis) while stimulating fresh healthy skin growth and collagen production. Fraxel laser is a safe and effective way of reducing discolouration, in addition to targeting fine lines and wrinkles. The treatment takes about 45 minutes and requires strict sun protection in the days following as the old skin flakes off, and the new skin is revealed, making the pre-summer months an ideal time to undertake this treatment.
Fractionated treatments - which utilise laser or micro needling technology to strategically penetrate the skin - creates microscopic columns of safe trauma. The body’s natural response to this trauma is to produce collagen; something our body reduces its production of as we enter our 30’s. Collagen levels deplete from this time onwards, contributing to the formation of lines, wrinkles, a thin or lacklustre appearance. By stimulating new skin growth and collagen production, fine lines are reduced and a healthy, luminous complexion is restored. Fraxel and Dermapen can also be effective treatments for acne scarring and congested skin. The effects of these treatments is noticed within weeks, however the collagen-stimulating results are noted from about 6 weeks onwards. For ongoing skin maintenance, look for products that include vitamins A and E, as well as beta glucan and hyaluronic acid.
Our skin condition is often reflective of our diet, hydration and stress levels - so good nutrition, lots of water and stress-reduction activities always top the list of ways to improve the appearance and resilience of our skin. Antioxidant-rich diets packed with fresh fruit, vegetables and omega-3’s have been proven to result in healthier skin. Dehydration, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption prematurely age the skin, but the effects of poor lifestyle and diet can be reversed by adopting good eating and drink habits - and as we age - the sooner, the better!
In Queensland our high UV levels year round makes the sun our greatest cause of premature ageing. Even during winter, we are exposed to damaging UV levels during the middle of the day. So if you plan on being outside, observe sun safe measures and wear a hat and SPF 50 sunscreen. In the short term, you will reduce unwanted pigmentation and the appearance of age spots - and in the long term, you may save yourself the avoidable skin cancer surgery that most Queenslanders undergo at some point in their lives.
To obtain a treatment plan customised to your skin, book a free consultation with our clinician Deborah – 3202 4744
The process of preparing for breast augmentation surgery can be overwhelming, with a plethora of information, personal anecdotes and images available online - paired with a mix of excitement, nerves and sometimes, trepidation! Amidst this information overload, it’s important to remember some basic truths about breast augmentation surgery. Before your procedure, ask yourself five important questions to see if you’re prepared and ready for surgery:
1. Do I have realistic expectations?
Your surgeon wants you to love your breasts after your surgery, but they also need you to be realistic. Every woman, and every pair of breasts, is different - and so your results will be too! Your original breast shape, nipple position, droop, natural asymmetry etc will impact your end outcome. Do you expect the surgery to address self esteem or anxiety issues; and have you considered how your self esteem will feel if the results don’t live up to the ‘dream’ breasts you imagine? Understanding the results we can sensibly achieve for you, what your optimal implant size is, the restrictions involved in your recovery process and the time required to let your implants settle, is the best way to ensure your satisfaction after surgery.
2. Is achieving a specific cup size the most important thing?
In a world that measures women’s breasts in cup sizes, it’s easy to obsess over the ‘dream’ cup size you want to achieve. But the best thing you can do before your augmentation surgery is to focus more on your ultimate post-surgery ‘look’ rather than a specific cup size. What do you want your overall appearance and proportions to look like after breast augmentation? Which implant size will best suit your current breast shape and chest width? During the consultation process your surgeon will measure your chest. This will give you both an idea of the standardised ‘ideal’ breast implant size range for your body. Choosing an implant that exceeds this range can increase your risks of post operative complications, posture and back problems and further surgery in the future. Bigger is definitely not always better, and cup size can be deceptive.
3. Am I patient enough to wait for my breasts to settle into their final result?
It will take about six weeks to heal from your breast augmentation, but your breasts will continue to change long after this period. While you’ll notice an immediate difference in their appearance straight after surgery - in the months following your surgery, your implants will settle into position; it can take up to a year for you to see your final result. So patience is vital!
4. What factors matter when choosing the right surgeon for me?
Breast augmentation surgery changes your body forever; even if you have your implants removed at some stage in the future, your breasts will never look exactly the same as they did before your surgery. It’s a big decision, and your relationship with your surgeon should be life-long; choose carefully. Any registered doctor in Australia can legally perform breast augmentation surgery, but not all are Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS) qualified, denoted by the ‘FRACS’ you see after a surgeon’s name. You can confirm your surgeon’s qualifications here. The priority when selecting a surgeon should never be how cheap they are, what credit plans they offer or how quickly they can do the surgery; none of these are the key factors that predict a good surgical outcome. Choose a surgeon that you’ll want to stay in touch with for ongoing care and concerns into the future; one that is RACS qualified - and who is approachable and respectful throughout the consultation process (it’s a good sign of the compassion and care you’ll receive during, and after, surgery).
5. Are I ready to care for and maintain my breast implants?
Breast implants are low maintenance - they’re very easy to take care of, but that doesn’t mean they don’t require any maintenance at all! Following your surgery, you will receive information about how to care for and monitor your implants, these include:
- Self examination: your breasts will feel different after the surgery - and once you’re healed, you’ll need to become familiar with your new breasts. If you feel an irregularity or change in your breasts, don’t presume it’s just your implants and brush it off; make a prompt appointment with your GP. Regular self checks are an important habit each month, even when you have breast implants.
- Screening: if you’re at the age where you require screening, or have a family history that makes you a candidate for early screening, don’t overlook this important detection tool. Let the imaging centre know that you have implants when you book your appointment, and mention it again to the technician on the day.
- Watch for changes: ruptures are uncommon with modern implants, but they do happen. If you notice irregularities, unusual firmness, changes to your breast shape and position - or experience discomfort, ask your GP to examine them and refer you for imaging, and if applicable, back to your surgeon.
Call 3202 4744 today to schedule your breast augmentation consultation with Dr Sharp.
Ask us you breast augmentation questions...
If just the idea of a vigorous session of lunge-jumps makes you protectively clutch your breasts in pain, you aren’t alone. Nearly one in five women feel that the size of their breasts is an obstacle for exercise.
Research conducted by the University of Portsmouth in 2014 revealed that 17% of surveyed women said their breasts discouraged them from participating in physical activity. Breasts were ranked the fourth highest barrier to exercise after “lack of energy, time constraints and health reasons”.
Researchers found that breast size ranked above other obvious barriers, such as the cost of exercise or access to facilities.
Many of Dr Sharp’s breast reduction patients have experienced chronic skin irritations, chaffing and sometimes infections or bleeding of the skin under the breasts due to excessive breast size, with these problems often being exacerbated by exercise. Large breasts can also cause chronic back and shoulder pain, compounding the discomfort involved with exercising. But it is because of these factors why exercise is so important for large-breasted women - a fact that frustrates many of our patients, who want to exercise to help build up core strength and posture, but are held back by the limitations that breast size imposes on their activity.
Selecting the right sports bra can reduce the impact of exercise on breasts and surrounding tissues, but for some women, breast reduction surgery is the only way to reduce the strain that their breasts place on their bodies. Breast reduction surgery can also provide a sense of weight literally being ‘lifted’ off the chest, so that breathing feels easier and lighter when exercising.
While patients are encouraged to undertake gentle activities during the first 6 weeks post operatively, after this they can begin to ease into a more normal workout regime. These lifestyle improvements often have side benefits, such as overall weight loss, as the cycle of exercise, discomfort, inactivity and weight gain is broken.
Breast reduction surgery is a major procedure and involves a lengthy recovery period and significant breast scars, which heal over time but will always visible. As with all surgery, it also carries risks and complications. However plastic surgeons often consider it to be one of the most satisfying procedures to perform, as the lifestyle improvements are almost instantaneous and can transform the way a woman lives, exercises and perceives her body shape.
Contact us below to find out more about what breast reduction surgery can do for you...
before and after breast augmentation surgery with Dr Sharp
The dual plane technique is a form of subpectoral - or ‘under the muscle’ - breast implant placement. There are two main kinds of implant placement:
- Above the muscle, whereby the implant is completely above the muscle
- Under the muscle, whereby the implant is placed under the pectorals muscle, in varying degrees
During a dual plane augmentation, the implant is placed under the pectoral muscle at the upper, and sometimes mid, part of the breast, but the lower part of the implant is not covered by the muscle. The varying different degrees of muscle coverage over the implant depends on the patient’s current breast shape and desired result, and that’s why it’s important to choose a surgeon that is experienced in this technique, as the ratio of muscle-covered implant to uncovered implant makes subtle adjustments that impact your result.
The dual plane technique is a form of under-muscle augmentation, but that is not its only defining attribute. The ‘dual’ in ‘dual plane’ actually refers to the fact that the surgeon dissects (or cuts) a pocket out for the breast implant under the muscle, but also dissects off a portion of the breast tissue that’s connected to the muscle. So a dual plane augmentation involves dissection under the muscle, and above the muscle.
What happens during a dual plane augmentation?
The surgery itself is very similar to a classic breast augmentation. Your surgeon will dissect a ‘pocket’ under the pectoral muscle, lifting the muscle off the chest wall and making space for the implant. Where it veers from a traditional augmentation is that the surgeon will also detach a portion of where the breast tissue connects to the top of the muscle, leaving a dissection on two planes: above the muscle, and below the muscle.
The purpose of this dual dissection is to detach part of the muscle from the overlying breast tissue, so the breast implant and muscles can relax into a natural shape without holding it to the position of the upper breast tissue, areola/nipple and skin.
The implant is positioned and any adjustments made before suturing the breasts closed.
During the post operative healing period, the pectoral muscle and implant is allowed to find their own natural resting position, relative to the overlying breast tissue. That’s why the final result of dual plane breast augmentations can take some time to reveal themselves, as these tissues go through various healing stages during the post operative period until they settle into place.
Is the dual plane technique right for me?
This technique was developed for women with low grade breast droop, or ptosis - as well as those desiring a more natural, lower fullness in their final result. In a classic breast augmentation, the pectoral muscle would restrict the adequate expansion of the overlying sagging breast tissue. This is seen most commonly in women who have lost weight, breastfed or found that ageing lead to excess lower breast (called ‘lower pole’) skin.
Patients who have constricted breast deformity, or tuberous breasts - where the distance from the lower edge of the areola to the lower breast crease is smaller (and often, the nipple is pointing downwards) - can also benefit from this technique. They find that as the lower pole of the breast expands to accommodate the breast implant itself, the implant sits in a more natural position relative to the overlying breast tissue. This can benefit women with tuberous breast deformity as well.
By strategically releasing the muscle, and allowing it to act as an apron the implant can sit in a more natural position, avoiding the ‘bolt on’, overly high appearance of breast implants, and reducing the chance of having excess breast tissue ‘falling off’ off lower portion of the implant (or a ‘snoopy’ nose appearance).
After assessing your breasts and discussing your desired result, your surgeon will explain whether the dual plane technique is right for you.
Does the dual plane method replace the need for a breast lift (mastopexy)?
Not if you have true breast ptosis. The dual plane technique can be adjusted to fill out the lower breast pole in women who might have ‘borderline’ ptosis, or psudeotosis - whereby their nipples don’t actually sit below their inframammary fold - where there is breast droop and skin laxity that creates the appearance of a ‘sagging’ breast. For women with actual ptosis, the dual plane technique will not replace the need for a breast lift. While a well-chosen and strategically placed implant will give the breast a lifted appearance and raise the position of the areola/nipple on the breast, in cases of clinical ptosis, a breast lift with your augmentation will achieve the best long term results.
In a dual plane augmentation, what is holding the implant up?
The network of supporting tissue along the inframammary fold helps reduce the risk of bottoming out. Once the implant ‘drops’ into place, the lower pole of the breast will enlarge due to implant volume, placing pressure on the lower pole and causing the skin to stretch. The surgeon keeps their pocket dissection above the inframammary fold, and does not cut through the strong attachments of that fold to the underlying chest wall. The dual plane technique exposures the anatomical landmarks like the lower and lateral edge of the pectoral muscle, so the surgeon has better control of the critical boundaries of the pocket dissection. In some cases, women require adjustment of the inframammary fold placement if it is too high, or if when the lower pole tissues are constricted (for example, tuberous breast deformity).
Are there different types of dual plane augmentation?
Depending on which surgeon you speak to, there can be 2 or 3 different types of dual plane placements. A standard subpectoral implant pocket is often referred to as a dual plane type 1 placement.
A type 2 is for very mild ptosis, and type 3 is for mild to moderate (or ‘borderline’) ptosis. Dr Sharp uses some variation of the dual plane method in most cases to create a more natural result.
Type 1 dual plane technique
In a type 1 placement, the lower end of the pectoral muscle is detached from the chest wall to make space for the implant. The muscle remains attached to the overlying breast tissue and is not raised up very far. The pocket is then created under the muscle to accommodate the implant. In a type 1 placement, only the lower part of the implant is not covered by muscle. Because the muscle is left attached to the breast tissue above it, women may find that when they contract their pectoral muscle, it pulls the skin around the lower portion of the implant, in causing a groove along the breast curve, which is very common, and referred to as a flexion/contraction deformity or ‘dynamic’ double bubble because you only see it when contracting this muscle.
Type 2 and 3 dual plane technique
Unlike the dual plane type 1, the breast tissue is detached (or dissected) away from the pectoral muscle, up to around the same level as where the nipple sits, depending on the degree of breast droop. The pocket under the muscle is created, and the lower end of the muscle detached from the chest wall, allowing it to move, or retract, upwards. The implant is placed in position, and the breast closed. As a result, the lower half of the implant is only covered by breast tissue, reducing the possibility of dynamic double bubble and creating a more filled-out appearance in the lower half of the breast.
Will I still be able to exercise after a dual plane breast augmentation?
In the case of dual plane types 2 or 3, patients can find that the detached segment of pectoral muscle is weakened, so some reduction in pectoral muscle strength may be expected. However most of our patients find that after they begin to gradually ease into normal workouts/physical activity 6 weeks post operatively, the reduced muscle strength is not noticeable.
What are the risks of the dual plane technique?
The main risks and complications are the same as any breast augmentation surgery. Specific to dual plane augmentation, if the muscle is not released to the correct degree (even for a submuscular pocket), it can result in a high-riding implant with a droopy breast, or ‘snoopy nose’.
There are benefits and negatives to each breast augmentation technique. Speak to your plastic surgeon to find out what will give you the best result.
Would you like to know more?
The people over at Whatclinic.com have revealed the top procedures that Australians are requesting in their plastic surgeon’s office - according to the most common enquiries received by the clinic comparison website. The top 5 were:
1. Breast implants
3. Blepharoplasty (eyelid reduction)
4. Abdominoplasty (tummy tuck)
Breast implants are still the most highly sought after cosmetic procedure, while gynecomastia procedures - which remove male breast tissue - made it into the top 10, recording a 6% increase in popularity.
What's on your list of most-wanted procedures?
If the pout that mother nature gave you is looking a little thin or terse these days, here’s some inside tips to consider before getting dermal lip fillers…
1. Not all fillers are created equal. Do your research and choose a reputable dermal filler product that’s high quality and comes with a long, well documented track record. When you’re placing a filler in your body that’s going to change your appearance - and be there for a long time - don’t cut corners for the sake of convenience or a few dollars!
2. It isn’t forever. Because hyaluronic acid is eventually metabolised by your body over time, it isn’t permanent. You can remove hyaluronic acid fillers if you don’t like your results, by having an eraser enzyme injected, which dissolves the filler.
3. Cheap might not leave you cheerful. Dermal filler injections are a medical treatment, but just like buying a bottle of milk or new mascara, people can now access dermal lip fillers in their local shopping centre. The medical training of those administering the dermal filler - along with the clinical standards upheld by the clinic - is of upmost importance.
4. Fillers last 10-12 months. It will depend upon how your body metabolises the filler. Some people notice a reduction within 6 months, while others feel revolumised for up to 18 months. Thinner people tend to metabolise the filler faster.
5. You will see the results immediately; although they might be slightly over-inflated to start! Your lips will be swollen at first, but you’ll see the effects of the fillers quickly. The swelling can take 1-3 days to go down.
7. You can choose to have topical anaesthetic applied to your lips before your treatment, to dull the sensation. The injection itself feels like a pinch, followed by a sting as the filler is being injected. The derma filler gel itself is infused with a local anaesthetic, so its numbs your lips as it’s injected, providing additional comfort.
8. You can go about your daily life afterwards but don’t have a treatment immediately before any big events (like a wedding or important function) - allow at least five days in case you bruise or have lingering swelling.
9. Don’t exercise on the day of the treatment. You especially should avoid activities that increase blood flow to your face, like getting a massage or a facial.
10. You might look like you’ve done a few rounds in a boxing ring. Some people walk away from their treatments without a mark, while others can look bruised and swollen for a few days after treatment. If you’re prone to bruising, cease the use of fish oil and vitamin E supplements a week prior. We also offer bruise-reduction cream for those who wish to minimise bruising. Most bruising can be easily covered by concealer and lipstick, and subsides after 5-7 days.
11. Copycat injecting leads to higher dissatisfaction. It’s ok to be inspired by large-lipped actresses like Angelina Jolie and Julia Roberts, but ultimately you’re unlikely to leave your first treatment looking like them! You and your injector will decide what’s best for your unique facial balance.
12. Massage lumps and bumps. As swelling subsides, it’s normal to sometimes feel small lumps or irregularities. Your clinician can show you how to gently massage these to smooth them out. The filler is malleable after treatment and can be moved around, so be careful to smooth it out, rather than push too hard and displace it.
13. If you have a history of cold sores, we recommend taking prevention medication two days before the procedure. Injections could trigger a cold sore.
15. Choose an honest clinician. It’s important to select a clinician that will give you an honest indication of the results you can expect - who can tell you if they can’t achieve what you want, and can suggest that you pull back when you might be going a bit too far! All of us have seen those celebrities who have overdone fillers and thought “why didn’t their doctor tell them they looked ridiculous?” The more filler you have, the more money your clinician makes - so you want one that aims to achieve natural results, and is willing to refuse to take your money if you’re suffering from a bit too much lip-greed (it happens to the best of us).
Book a free lip enhancement consultation here:
New research from the Australasian College of Dermatologists suggests that cosmeceuticals - or functional coloured cosmetics - such as foundation, eyeshadow and lipstick are the second most important anti ageing products to use after sunscreen.
ACD dermatologist Dr Phillip Artemi said some makeup products offer benefits that are more than just aesthetic – reducing the incidence of skin cancer, especially around the eye.
“We now know that it isn’t just solar radiation such as UVB and UVA that is bad for the skin,” he said at the ACD’s Annual Scientific Meeting this month.
“The sun also emits infrared radiation and visible light, which can lead to damage resulting in dull skin, wrinkles and unsightly pigmentation.
“Pollution, too, has been shown to cause wrinkles and skin ageing and, with increased urbanisation, traffic pollution is set to become a major skin toxin.”
Due to properties such as SPF ingredients, pigments and reflectors of solar radiation, functional coloured cosmetics can offer protection against the ageing - and cancer causing - impact of sun exposure. But Dr Artemi said lipgloss provided little protection, suggesting that coloured, long lasting lipsticks afforded better protection.
He said that while sunscreens go a long way to helping prevent sun damage, “we now advise that functional coloured cosmetics should be added to the long-standing advice in order to further reduce the risk of skin cancer and premature ageing as well as protecting against the increasing danger of air pollution”.
PRAHS Cosmetic and Rejuvenation Clinics dermal clinician Deborah Seib-Daniell recommends a daily routine of cleansing, then applying an antioxidant-rich serum, moisturiser and SPF 50 sunscreen – after which functional cosmetics such as foundations, powders and contouring products can be used.
Want to know more about the right products to use for your skin type? Book a complimentary consultation by calling 3202 4744 or contact us below.
Angelina Jolie brought preventative mastectomy surgery into the public spotlight in 2013 when she underwent the procedure following genetic profile testing, which confirmed that she was carrying the BRAC-1 gene mutation. Her mother’s death due to breast cancer prompted her to have the testing - and subsequent surgery to remove her breasts in an aim to prevent the disease from forming in her body. Jolie opted to have a breast reconstruction to replace the lost breast tissue. The BRAC-1 gene mutation is linked to the development of breast cancer in women and men, and many are now choosing to have both breasts removed, in what is described as a bilateral preventative mastectomy.
This is a deeply personal decision and one that is made after testing, counselling and consideration. You may consider having a preventative mastectomy if you have a strong family history of breast cancer and/or if genetic testing suggests a strong likelihood that you may be diagnosed with breast cancer in future. Preventative mastectomy is a big decision. It involves much consideration, consultation with healthcare professionals and genetic counselling.
Preventative mastectomies remain a contentious issue amongst many medical professionals, as there is concern over health breasts – that may never develop cancer – being removed ‘just in case’, particularly at a young age. The overwhelming feedback from women who have chosen to undergo a preventative mastectomy is that what they have lost in breast form or function, they have gained through relief from the anxiety and constant fear of developing the cancer that has often robbed them of a close family member.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT PREVENTATIVE MASTECTOMY SURGERY + RECONSTRUCTION
Are there different types of preventative mastectomies?
The procedure can be performed as nipple-sparing (whereby the nipple is left) or total, or ‘radical’ whereby all tissue and skin – including the nipple – are removed. In these cases, the nipple can be reconstructed using tissue from elsewhere on the body, which is expertly transplanted onto the reconstructed breast and then 3D tattooed by a medical cosmetic tattooist to resemble a nipple. After a preventative mastectomy, women cannot breastfeed as their milk ducts are removed, so this is one of the many issues women must consider when undergoing a preventative mastectomy prior to having children.
What are the first steps if I want to talk to a professional about this procedure?
Dr Sharp recommends anyone with a family history of breast cancer who is considering preventative mastectomy surgery to discuss this option with their General Practitioner, and if they are interested in investigating this further, request a referral to a genetic counsellor. If you test positive for the gene, you can be referred to a breast surgeon and reconstructive plastic surgeon to discuss your removal and reconstruction options.
What reconstructive options are available after preventative mastectomy surgery?
There are many different options available for reconstruction - and many different factors to consider - especially in the early period after confirmation that you are carrying the gene mutation. Understandably, this can be an overwhelming period, which is why it’s important to find a treating team that will take time ensure you are properly informed of your options, listen to your concerns and allow you the space and time to make your decisions. As part of this, you may ask for a referral to a plastic surgeon to discuss what is best for you and connect with other women who have had a reconstruction.
Surgical reconstruction techniques can differ between surgeons. You should never feel uncomfortable or embarrassed asking your surgeon about their training and experience with each technique, particularly the more modern, advanced microsurgical procedures now available. It’s your body, and you’ll be the one living with the outcome of their expertise, so ask your surgeon as many questions as you need – even the uncomfortable ones!
Women who decide to have a breast reconstruction after a preventative mastectomy most often choose to have their breast reconstruction at the same time as mastectomy, this is called an immediate reconstruction. However, you may not feel ready to make such a commitment at the time of your mastectomy - and some women decide that they do not want to have a breast reconstruction at all. If this is your choice, you have the option of using an external breast prosthesis. Having a breast reconstruction later on - months or years after a mastectomy - is called delayed breast reconstruction. It is always option later, if you change your mind.
If you choose to have a mastectomy without breast reconstruction, the surgeon may remove the breast skin, areola and nipple. If you decide to have a breast reconstruction later, the remaining skin may need to be stretched to accommodate a breast shape. Alternatively, skin and tissue from another part of the body can be used to replace the skin that has been removed surgically.
Will I have both or just one breast removed?
Most women who have a preventative (prophylactic) mastectomy have both breasts removed (bilateral mastectomy).
What will I look like following a preventative mastectomy?
If you are having a preventative (prophylactic) mastectomy, it is usually possible to preserve the skin over the breast, the areola and the nipple. Breast reconstruction following preventative mastectomy will usually involve replacing the underlying tissue only. This means that the reconstructed breasts are likely to look more similar to the original breasts. There will always be some differences in shape and feel, depending on the type of breast reconstruction. Having both breasts reconstructed means they are more likely to be more symmetrical.
It is important to remember that the aim of breast reconstruction surgery is to create a natural shape when you are clothed; your new breast will not look the same, or feel the same, as the breast you have had removed.
Can I access breast reconstruction publicly or privately?
Breast reconstruction following a mastectomy for breast cancer is available in the public hospital system as well as through the private health system. It is considered a medical procedure, not cosmetic surgery. If your treating team has not discussed the full spectrum of reconstructive options available, ask to be referred to a specialist plastic surgeon in your area. Dr Sharp performs breast reconstruction surgery at private hospitals in Brisbane and Ipswich.
Would you like to find out more about breast reconstruction surgery?
Fraxel fractionated laser resurfacing addresses 7 key facets of facial ageing
Fraxel laser resurfacing was one of the first on the market, and over the decades has refined its technology, continuing to be a leader in the laser rejuvenation field. Modern day Fraxel is comfortable, quick and gets maximum results with minimal downtime. After the treatment, our patients begin to notice the following improvements in their skin; these changes continue in the weeks and months following their treatment, to achieve their final result:
- Reduction of precancerous sun damage (actinic keratosis) that can lead to sun cancer
- Pigmentation and sun spots are eliminated
- Fine lines and wrinkles are reduced
- Skin texture and condition is improved
- Facial, neck and chest/décolletage skin feels tighter
- Pore size is reduced
- Scars and stretch marks are improved
Treatment intensity and depth is tailored to each individual patient
One of the best aspects of Fraxel is its ‘dual’ function; which gives it the ability to be varied in intensity, allowing us to modify the therapy depending upon whether the patient’s skin is quite healthy, or requires extensive resurfacing - and how long they want their downtime to last. A low intensity treatment helps to remove superficial sun spots and pigmentation, with only a weekend of coffee-grain like shedding. While a more intensive treatment will lift extensive sun damage and address deeper lines, and will involve shedding for about 5 days. Your Fraxel treatment will begin with a thorough skin analysis with our dermal clinicians, who will assess your skin, discuss your desired result and advise of the best intensity to achieve this for you.
The treatment doesn’t require a post-treatment product list as long as your arm
Many laser, pulsed light and peel therapies necessitate a lengthy regime of costly skin care products before and after the treatment. Our Fraxel treatment does not require this. To maintain your results, your clinician may recommend a very simple ongoing skin care plan, which can include important anti ageing active ingredients such as alpha hydroxy acids (AHA’s), retinoids (vitamin A) and beta glucan - as well as an effective SPF 50 sunscreen.
Want to know more?
Each member of our team has tried Fraxel, and so we’d love to answer any questions you have about how the treatment feels, the recovery period and the results we have experienced using this leading laser technology. Call us on 3202 4744 if you have any questions!
An actinic keratosis (AK) is also known as a ‘solar’ keratosis. It has the appearance of a crusty, scaly growth and is caused by damage to the skin from exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation; something we see a lot of in Queensland!
Can it cause skin cancer?
Actinic keratosis is considered a pre cancer because if it’s left alone it may develop into a skin cancer, most often the second most common form of the disease, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
What causes solar keratosis?
Sun exposure! Queensland has the dubious title of the ‘skin cancer capital of the world’, having the highest rates of skin cancer thanks to our high year-round UV levels, outdoor lifestyle and the predominance of people with light skin colour in our population.
The most common type of precancerous skin lesion, actinic keratosis appear on skin that has been regularly exposed to the sun or artificial sources of UV light, such as tanning machines.
Where does actinic keratosis form on the body?
They most frequently appear on exposed areas such as the face and body, including the scalp, ears, shoulders, neck, arms and back of hands. They can also appear on the shin, ankles and feet.
Which skin types are more likely to develop solar keratosis?
People who have fair complexions are more prone to AKs than are people with medium or dark skin.
What does solar keratosis look like?
They are often elevated, rough in texture and resemble warts or scabs. They often become red, and can range in colour from light or dark beige, white or pink. They can also change colour.
In the beginning, these growth are usually so small, you can feel them better than you can see them. To touch, they have a sandpaper like feeling. Actinic keratoses usually develop gradually, becoming more visible as they mature. Sometimes, they seem to disappear, and then reappear later. Occasionally they look like a stubborn pimple; they can be itchy or have a pricky sensation. They can also be inflamed and surrounded by redness, sometimes even bleeding (especially when caught by a shaver).
before and after Fraxel laser for sun damage and pigmentation
What is the treatment for actinic keratosis?
Although actinic keratosis is considered a pre-cancerous condition, it is very treatable. Standard therapies include topical ointments, freezing, surgical excision and Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) . Now clinics such as ours are increasingly turning to lasers, such as Fraxel technology, to effectively treat AKs - because prevention is better than surgery!
In Australia, Fraxel fractionated resurfacing laser is approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) for the treatment of solar keratosis. Our PRAHS Cosmetic and Rejuvenation Clinics in Brisbane and Ipswich were the first clinics of their kind in Queensland to offer the new generation of Fraxel technology.
Fraxel targets the area of skin that actinic keratosis forms in, providing noticeable results after one treatment - without the downtime of a CO2 laser.
As Fraxel is ‘fractionated’ it does not ablate 100% of the surface area of the epidermis (upper layer of skin); meaning that it is able to deliver reliable results with much less potential for side effects than older ablative lasers, which were not fractionated.
Fraxel provides treatment flexibility and adaptability, with the ability to vary wavelengths and intensities to tailor each treatment to meet a myriad of patient needs – even treating multiple indications for a single patient, with a single device (such as actinic keratosis as well as premature ageing or fine lines).
We are always exploring new ways we can put Fraxel to work for our patients. Currently we use it for:
- Fine lines and wrinkles, including peri-orbital wrinkles
- Acne or skin surface scarring
- Pigmentation such as melasma and age spots
- Sun damage and pre-cancerous indications (AKs)
- Reducing the appearance of old and new scars
WANT TO KNOW WHAT FRAXEL CAN DO FOR YOU?
According to a report in the February issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, a study undertaken by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) has revealed widespread confusion around the titles ‘plastic surgeon’ and ‘cosmetic surgeon’.
In Australia, the Medical Board only recognises the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS) as the training body for qualified surgeons. Upon completion of this training, the surgeons display the letters FRACS as their credentials, the ‘F’ standing for ‘Fellow’. However many doctors who have not undergone RACS training and examination, still openly call themselves ‘surgeons’, despite not having RACS qualifications.
Cosmetic surgery is no different to other surgery; it carries a risks of infection, complications, nerve injury and adverse anaesthetic events. And yet the study results showed significant misperceptions about the qualifications needed to perform this type of surgery:
- 87% of respondents believed that surgeons must have special credentials and training to perform cosmetic surgery, or to advertise themselves as aesthetic/cosmetic/plastic surgeons.
- More than half of respondents were unsure about the training needed to become a board certified plastic or cosmetic surgeon.
- Most respondents stated their discomfort with specialists other than plastic surgeons performing surgery to improve their appearance.
Here are some facts to help clarify the status of ‘cosmetic’ and ‘plastic’ surgeons in Australia:
- Plastic surgeons are also called ‘plastic, reconstructive and cosmetic - or aesthetic - surgeons’ because they have undergone advanced training in major public and private hospitals under a traineeship with the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons in plastic, reconstructive and cosmetic fields of surgical study; under the supervision and mentorship of experienced and RACS qualified surgeons.
- This training process generally takes 10 years from completion of medical school until the final obtainment of ‘fellowship’ qualifcations.
- Doctors can call themselves ‘cosmetic’ surgeons even if they don’t have the aforementioned credentials, supervision, experience or training.
- In Australia, doctors who do not have FRACS credentials cannot perform medically-required aesthetic procedures such as breast reductions, abdominoplasty, rhinoplasty or labioplasty surgery under the coverage of the Medicare Benefits Schedule. Patients cannot receive the applicable Medicare or private health fund rebates if they do not have the surgery with a RACS qualified surgeon.
- If you have a complication following your surgery, or require further revisional surgery, your RACS qualified surgeon has the expertise to perform these procedures, and you may have some of your costs covered by Medicare or your private health fund (if you are insured).
- You can find out if your surgeon is a RACS qualified surgeon by visiting their database here.
The results of this study form yet another reminder of the importance of research when choosing a surgeon. Being informed about the training, examination and ongoing professional development that your surgeon has been required to undertake before performing your procedure is an integral part of the decision process.
Men are more open to the options that aesthetic surgery and cosmetic medicine offer than ever before. And while women still comprise the majority of our patients, data from the American Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery indicates that the number of men having cosmetic procedures increased by more than 106% between 1997 and 2012; an ongoing trend echoed by the growing number of men seeking cosmetic improvements at our clinics.
Often, male patients say they don’t like the tired, stressed or unhealthy appearance they see in the mirror - because they still feel young, strong and fit on the inside. Others are looking to freshen up their appearance before re-entering the dating scene.
And many mention a desire to stay competitive in the workplace, linking their looks to their recruitment and promotion prospects - something noted by London economics Professor Daniel Hamermesh in his study of the financial benefits of aesthetic appearance.
Here are some of the surgical and non-invasive treatments most commonly requested by men in our clinics:
Nose jobs are a powerful way to change the entire dynamic of the face. Previous surgery, nose trauma or genetics can leave men with misshaped, prominent or irregular nasal characteristics. It can also cause breathing problems and snoring. Rhinoplasty surgery reshapes bone and cartilage, changing the underlying structure of the nose and creating functional improvements - such as improved breathing - while making aesthetic adjustments that improve its appearance and proportion with the rest of the face.
The surgery requires about 7-10 days off work while bruising and swelling subsides. Dr Sharp’s patients receive a post treatment care pack that assists with accelerating the recovery process. Swelling can take 6 to 12 months to completely subside, revealing the final result - so patience is a must if you are considering this procedure!
If you are considering rhinoplasty but not sure if you want to go under the knife, talk to us about non-surgical rhinoplasty, as our dermal fillers can subtly redefine the nose. Results last up to 2 years.
An increase in the popularity of gastric sleeve and gastric banding surgery - and the massive weightloss that ensues - is leaving many men with large amounts of loose skin on their abdomen, thighs and arms. This loose skin places functional limitations on activity, clothing and exercise - alongside persistent skin irritations and embarrassing hygiene problems. Body lift surgery involves the removal of this loose skin and repair of any underlying structures that have been weakened. It can include circumferential abdominoplasty, brachioplasty (arms) and thigh lift/reduction.
Post operative infections and long term odema (swelling) are more common with body lift surgery than others, due to the amount of tissue and lymph glands (the body’s drainage system) that is removed. Dr Sharp frequently performs body lift surgery, and while the results are dramatic and offer significant improvement in the patient’s quality of life and appearance, he ensures the risks of the surgery and lengthy recovery period involved is carefully considered by his patients before undertaking this procedure.
A healthy diet and active lifestyle can often still fail to budge stubborn pockets of fat that typically accumulate for men around the abdomen and lower back, forming ‘love handles’, ‘beer belly’ and ‘spare tyres’.
For many patients, liposuction or abdominoplasty isn’t required as they don’t have lots of loose skin or large areas of fat; they simply need the hard to budge handfuls removed, so the waist of their pants fit better, or to remove the bulges that sit above their waistline.
Gentle and non invasive, SculpSure uses laser technology to selectively target fat cells, which are then eliminated from the body permanently. A 25 minute treatment results in up to 24% reduction in fat, with no downtime required - making it an effective ‘lunch time’ treatment.
Excessive eyelid skin can create a tired, cranky appearance - but most importantly, it can cause vision impairment that can affect the ability to drive or work. Men who require blepharoplasty surgery also often have deeper forehead lines (making them look more stressed or angry) because their forehead works overtime, raising their eyebrows to try and lift their eyelids so they can see! Blepharoplasty is performed as day surgery and involves a 1-2 week recovery period.
Up to 50% of men suffer from various degrees of gynaecomastia (excess breast tissue). According to data from the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (BAAPS) male breast reduction surgery increased 13% in 2015. In the US, men comprised 40% of breast reduction patients in 2015. The procedure takes about 90 minutes and can involve a combination of liposuction and surgical incisions. The recovery period takes about 1-2 weeks, with limited activity recommended for 6 weeks after surgery.
Wrinkle injections are increasingly being use to treat excessive sweating for men and women. The injections block communication between the brain and overactive sweat glands, found in the feet, hands, armpits or forehead.
The treatment takes about 30 minutes and involves tiny injections the treatment area; most people find this very tolerable, but we also offer anaesthetic cream for who wish to be numbed up. Results last up to 6 months.
Things men should consider before undertaking aesthetic procedures…
Have realistic expectations. If you bring in a photograph of Chris Hemsworth or Brad Pitt and ask what Dr Sharp can do to make you look more like him, you will probably be encouraged to adjust your expectations - or reconsider having surgery. We are honest and transparent with our patients about the results they are likely to achieve, and the risks and complications they may encounter.
Address body hang ups. Body image is a sensitive issue that affects everyone, in various degrees, as some point in their lives. Previously perceived as a female affliction, we are increasingly seeing men present with a history of hurtful teasing or bullying at school, work, in relationships or while participating in sports - and significant self image issues associated with the feedback they’ve received about their bodies. These patients often believe that their low self esteem, depression or anxiety will be addressed if they simply adjust their appearance. Interestingly, research shows that these patients are the most likely group to be dissatisfied with the results, due to their high expectations of the life-changes that will ensue. Seeking help through a counsellor or psychologist that is experienced in male body image issues is highly recommended before undertaking any surgery.
Be informed. All medical and cosmetic procedures carry risks and should only be undertaken after serious consideration. Sometimes, revision (a second procedure to adjust the results) is required, which can result in further expense and time off work. It is vital that you have at least two consultations with your surgeon before undertaking cosmetic surgery, providing plenty of time for them to explain the procedure, risks and potential complications - and answer any questions that may arise during your decision-making process. We also recommend you seek the opinion of more than one plastic surgeon, as they can differ in their approach and it is most important that you feel comfortable and confident with your choice of surgeon!
People seek out plastic surgery for myriad reasons. For some, it’s the correction of a trauma, accident or genetic deformity - for others, it’s reconstructive surgery for skin or breast cancer; replacing what previous surgery has taken away.
Others want to restore what time has take away; growing old gracefully - and retaining a ‘natural look’ while ensuring they look as good as they still feel on the inside.
The health benefits of plastic surgery often go unmentioned in the world of glossy magazines that focus purely on cosmetic improvement, looking beyond the ‘skin deep’ image to see significant functional benefits, including:
- Rhinoplasty: can improve breathing and snoring
- Blepharoplasty: can improve vision
- Breast reduction and tummy tuck (abdominoplasty): can improve back and neck pain
Non surgical treatments such as cosmetic wrinkle injections can also have little-known medical benefits, such as reducing headaches and treating excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis).
Plastic surgery alone will not improve your confidence or self esteem; but it can be one of many decisions people make to improve their self image and align the face (or body) they see in the mirror with how they feel on the outside.
Elevated self esteem is associated with improved self confidence, which can have a powerful influence over relationships, job prospects and social networks; something noted by London economics Professor Daniel Hamermesh in his research into the link between appearance and employment.
Although plastic surgery is often thought of as nip-and-tuck procedures that are purely driven by aesthetics, it can also be a powerful tool to resolve functional problems and improve overall health and wellbeing.
It’s important to select a surgeon that is skilled in the latest advanced techniques to achieve optimal results - and trained by the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS), which is recognised by the Medical Board of Australia as the authority that provides the training required to achieve ‘surgeon’ status in this country. You can cross check Dr Sharp’s credentials with RACS here.
If you would like to explore how plastic surgery can create improvements for your form or function, please call us on 3202 4744.
Fraxel is suitable for all skin types and can treat a wide range of skin problems and signs of poor skin health, scarring and ageing. During your pre-treatment consultation with your clinician, your skin will be thoroughly assessed. We will also ask you what you want to achieve for your skin, so we can customise your Fraxel treatments with your ideal end result in mind. Here are some common questions we receive during these consultations:
What parts of the body does Fraxel treat?
- Abdominal and limb scars and stretch marks
Is it right for my skin colour?
Fraxel laser rejuvenation is unique in that it can treat women and men of all skin colours and ages. Unlike some other lasers which are only indicated for specific skin types, Fraxel can treat both light and dark skin safely and effectively.
What skin concerns does Fraxel treat?
- Sun damage and pre cancerous skin growths (actinic keratosis)
- Pigmentation and age spots - or ‘liver spots’
- Fine lines and wrinkles associated with environmental damage and collagen depletion
- Acne scarring
- Melasma and blotchy discolouration of the skin
- Poor skin condition or dull complexion
- Enlarged pores
- Thin, crepey skin
What results can I expect from Fraxel?
- Promotion of new collagen development
- More radiant skin
- Reduced acne scarring
- Reduced melasma and sun damage
- Overall more rejuvenated, luminous skin
What can I expect during my Fraxel consultation?
You will complete one of our Patient Information Forms, and we will ask you some questions about you medical history, previous treatments, lifestyle and skin goals. Fraxel might not be the best treatment for you, and if so, your clinician will suggest an alternative treatment to address your skin concerns, or to help achieve the results you are looking for. Sometimes, one of our other therapies or procedures are more appropriate to achieve your desired outcome. For example, if your primary concern is extensive volume loss in your upper face and associated loose skin in your lower face, while Fraxel will improve your skin condition, making it look more youthful - it will not replace lost fat pads or underlying structures in your face. So your clinician may recommend dermal fillers as an alternative option to address your key concern.
As with all treatments, it is important to have reasonable expectations of what laser therapy can achieve for you. Being realistic about the outcomes you hope to achieve, the time frames within which you expect to see your final result - and understanding the way that laser works will help prepare you for the treatment and a good outcome.
What can I expect from my Fraxel treatment?
Your clinician will apply an anaesthetic cream to your face. This will remain on for 30 minutes, while you have a tea or coffee. You may have a tingling or cool sensation on your face, which will settle into numbness. Most people who have the cream do not feel the treatment at all, or if they do, it is a slight ‘scratchy’ sensation, but not painful.
Do I need anaesthetic cream with my Fraxel treatment?
Modern Fraxel has been adapted to include technology that reduces the discomfort associated with the treatment in the past. This technology has meant Fraxel can be used very tolerably, without the application of anaesthetic gel for many people - particularly those who have had laser, pulsed light or peels before, find Fraxel surprisingly comfortable by comparison. For every part of the body other than the face, we do not use topical anaesthetic gel routinely, because patients do not feel they need it, but it is available should you require it.
How will Fraxel work on my skin?
Fraxel is a dual laser; one wavelength of the laser can target the damaged skin cells that appear as sun damage, age spots or pigmentation, while the other wavelength targets a depth of the skin that stimulates collagen production. You can have just one of these wavelengths used, or both simultaneously - that’s one of the unique benefits of Fraxel!
The microscopic laser columns penetrate to the specific dermal layer dependent upon the wavelength selected by your clinician, causing strategic and rapid healing and stimulating the body’s own natural recovery process, replacing dead old cells with fresh, healthy skin. Because it leaves the tissue around the treatment columns intact, it does not cause any unnecessary or uncontrolled burning, swelling or damage.
The photo on the right shows how the skin will look immediately after your treatment. The effects of your topical anaesthetic will keep your skin feeling comfortable. You may also have goosebumps or chills in the minutes after the treatment; this is a normal response and won’t last. As the anaesthetic cream wears off in the coming hours, you will feel slightly sunburned. If required, you can take over the counter pain relief for any discomfort, although most people find they do not even require this.
The following day, you will see little grids of microscopic dots that show where the laser beams have treated your skin. These will gradually turn into darker, tiny dots that are often referred to as having a ‘coffee granule’ like appearance, and having a slightly sandpaper-like feeling when you run your hand across your face. Eventually these will lift off; it is important not to exfoliate or manually pull this skin off. You may also notice slight swelling and a ‘tight’ feeling; this will reduce by day 3.
Using your post treatment healing balm to keep the treated area moist - and using an SPF 50 sunscreen to protect your healing skin from any exposure - is an important part of the post treatment process. You will go home from your treatment with a post-care sheet with all the information you need to optimise your results; please follow these instructions closely.
How do you tell real Fraxel from the fakes?
Unfortunately, Fraxel technology has become so reputable and in-demand, many ‘fake Fraxel’ machines have appeared in the market; cheaper machines that claim to be genuine Fraxel, but do not offer the safety, technology - nor meeting the rigorous regulations and laser safety standards required to acquire and operate this powerful technology. Genuine Fraxel clinics feature this logo to indicate that they offer authentic Fraxel therapy.
Have more questions? Email us at email@example.com or call 3202 4744. Each member of our team has experienced Fraxel and will be able to tell you what it is like, first hand!
We often receive enquiries regarding weight gain or weight loss - and their impact on breast augmentation surgery. Here are some of the most commonly asked questions:
Do I need to lose weight before I have breast augmentation surgery?
As with all surgery, your post operative healing and chances of attaining an optimal result will be improved if you have a healthy diet and active lifestyle - and maintain a stable weight within your body shape’s ideal range. If you are a healthy weight, there is no need to drop some kg’s before your surgery - in fact, Dr Sharp recommends that you maintain a consistent weight in the months, and preferably at least a year, leading up to your procedure.
What happens if I loose weight after my breast augmentation surgery?
Minor weight loss will not impact on the appearance of your implants. However, significant weight loss may change their appearance, creating wrinkles or a ‘crepey’ appearance where underlying fat once supported the skin - and potentially sagging or changes to the position of the breasts on the chest wall.
When selecting and placing your implant initially, this is done in relation to your body shape and overall proportions, and weight fluctuations can affect how the implants look. For this reason, it is ideal to maintain a steady and sustainable weight prior, during and after surgery, to achieve the best long term outcome.
If I am underweight, do I need to gain weight in order to have a breast augmentation?
Generally, it isn’t advisable to gain weight prior to your surgery, especially if it is not sustainable for your body shape. Some people are naturally slim and may find it difficult to maintain their pre-surgery weight. If you are underweight and desire a fuller breast, Dr Sharp can create proportionate curves using a smaller implant that looks more anatomically natural. The size, type and position of implant is discussed at length with Dr Sharp during the consultation process.
Will breast augmentation cause me to gain weight?
No, breast augmentation surgery does not cause patients to have increased body fat. However, post operative swelling - which can take many months to subside for some patients - can give the appearance of weight gain in the chest and upper body, however this is fluid instead of fat and is only a temporary, albeit normal, aspect of breast surgery. Fluid retention and constipation is also normal after surgery and can be treated by adhering to your post operative instructions, which addresses these factors and appropriate treatments.
To discuss whether breast augmentation surgery is right for you, book a consultation with Dr Sharp by calling 3202 4744.
You’d have to be superhuman - or super anti-social - to completely avoid the overload of food, drinks and excess that is synonymous with the festive season. The combination of food high in sugar, salt and fat, along with the occasional sugary drink or alcoholic beverage - followed by hot lazy days - often sees the unwelcome expansion of love handles and spare tyres that looked, and felt, much smaller a few months ago.
Certain areas of the body - such as the abdomen, flanks and back, naturally lend themselves to fat accumulating. Once these pockets of fat have formed, it can be difficult to eliminate them, even with a healthy lifestyle. It’s enough to make those new years resolutions of getting fit and healthy seem like a pipe dream.
After you’ve finished adjusting your belt up a notch or diving into your comfy pants, consider some small, easy steps you can begin taking this week to get your body back to where you’d like it to be. Even the most stubborn of fat can be budged with the combination of a sensible diet, moderate physical activity and SculpSure fat removal.
By now we all know the key to a healthy diet - but it’s a matter of sticking to it! Plenty of water, fresh vegetables and fruit, moderate amounts of lean protein and low-GI grains. If you are grocery shopping on a budget, try a local farmers market for great deals on fresh fruit and vegetables to last the week. For a reminder of what you should be looking for on your plate, click here or here.
If joining a gym or having a personal trainer is cost or time prohibitive, consider one of the many team sports available for grown-ups in our region or simply start with taking the dog or kids for a brisk walk every second day, and build up from there. If you like going solo, try one of these popular workout apps and find one that works for you.
And if you are carrying more than just a few extra bulges and need some extra support, the team at the Wesley LifeShape Clinic are a great resource.
And so finally, onto SculpSure and what it can’t do for you. One of the common misnomers about non surgical fat reduction is that it is a ‘lazy’ way of losing weight. Firstly, SculpSure is not a weight loss treatment. It removes stubborn pockets of fat, but it does not cause overall weight loss - that’s something for diet and lifestyle! Also, we only treat people with a BMI of 30 or less, who have a healthy lifestyle; because most people with a BMI over 30 won’t see significant enough results from SculpSure for us to support them having the treatment without achieving some weightloss first. And finally, when people invest their hard-earned money in fat reduction treatments, they are usually backing up that investment with good lifestyle choices. We anecdotally find most patients are keen to follow through with the funds they have spent on their treatment by ensuring they support those results with a health diet and exercise - which is only a good thing.
SculpSure is a non-surgical body contouring treatment that can reduce fat cells in the treated area by up to 24%; an effective treatment option for patients who want to reduce lumps and bumps, but have struggled to achieve it with diet and exercise alone.
SculpSure targets troublesome areas of fat, achieving gradual, natural fat reduction over the course of 6-8 weeks. The treatment utilises an innovative light technology that raises the temperature of the cells, gently breaking them down and removing them through the body’s usual elimination system - leaving the treated area flatter and smoother.
The process usually takes two to three 25 minutes treatment sessions, setting SculpSure apart as one of the most effective non-invasive fat reduction treatments available.
Call us on 3202 4744 to book a complimentary SculpSure consultation.
before and after one SculpSure treatment to under buttocks/upper thighs
The team at Dr David Sharp Plastic Surgery and PRAHS Cosmetic and Rejuvenation Clinics are dedicated to helping patients achieve their body goals. Other body contouring options include liposuction, abdominoplasty, breast augmentation or lift, arm lift and thigh lift.
BIA-ALCL (breast implant associated anapaestic large cell lymphoma) is a rare type of lymphoma that develops adjacent to breast implants. It usually presents as swelling of the breast or a lump in the breast or armpit, most commonly between 3 to 14 years after the implants are placed.
The Therapeutic Goods Administration has advised that of approximately 50 cases reported in Australia, most were cured by removal of the implant. Dr Sharp performs breast augmentation surgery in accredited hospital facilities and upholds the highest standards of infection control, to reduce the risk of bacterial biofilm contamination associated with the disease. He has also committed to the Macquarie University’s 14 Point Plan to reduce breast implant infection and utilises the Australian Breast Device Registry.
The following outlines up to date advice from the Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons on BIA-ALCL and provides a helpful guide, through the most commonly asked questions regarding this disease.
BIA-ALCL is a very rare disease, but as always, it is important to know your breasts, monitor them and if you notice changes, promptly speak to your surgeon.
What causes BIA-ALCL?
- Australian and New Zealand Plastic Surgeons - in partnership with local and international research organisations - are at the forefront of investigating this disease and are working proactively with the government to keep them informed.
- Bacteria has been identified within the lymphoma and around implants in affected breasts; there is evidence that a long-term inflammatory response to the presence of the bacteria is one of the factors that may cause BIA-ALCL
- Genetic factors may also be involved for some women; investigations into the disease are continuing to improve clinical understanding.
What is breast implant associated - anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL)?
- BIA-ALCL is not the same as breast cancer; it developed in the fluid around the breast implant and is contained by the fibrous capsule around the implant.
What are the symptoms?
- The symptoms of BIA-ALCL most commonly include persistent swelling or a lump in the breast or armpit
- Symptoms most commonly develop between 3 to 14 years, with the most common occurrence around 8 years after implantation.
- The swelling is because fluid has accumulated around the implant; the lymphoma develops around the breast implant in the fluid, and is not in the breast tissue itself.
What are the risks of developing BIA-ALCL?
- Approximately 50 patients have been identified in Australia as having this disease, making it very rare. The low rates also makes it difficult to be certain about the absolute risk of developing the disease.
- The risk is believed to be around 1 in every 5000 women who have breast implants. This is a much lower risk than other cancers - such as breast cancer - which carries a 1 in 8 risk for women.
Are some women, or implants, more at risk than others?
- Based on current available data, it is uncertain as to whether texture implants of different types carry different risks; however we do know that to date, no cases of BIA-ALCL have been reported in women who had only smooth implants.
- It is not possible to predict who will develop BIA-ALCL; it has occurred in women who have breast implants for both cosmetic, and also for reconstructive, reasons - and in women who have both saline and silicone implants.
How is BIA-ALCL diagnosed?
- Ultrasound is the first diagnostic tool used; if fluid is detected, this is removed and tested for BIA-ALCL
- If BIA-ALCL is confirmed, MRI and PET/CT scans may be performed to help provide an indication of the stage of present disease.
- Mammograms are not useful in diagnosing BIA-ALCL
What is the treatment of BIA-ALCL?
- Most cases are cured with the removal of implants, along with the fibrous capsule around the implants.
- The majority of patients don’t require any further treatment.
- Less commonly, further treatment such as chemotherapy and/or radiation may be required.
Should breast implants be removed preventatively, or ‘just in case’?
- Breast implants are not lifelong devices and in general all will need to be removed or replaced at some stage.
- The most common reason for implant removal or replacement is capsular contracture, implant migration or rupture.
- Without symptoms or signs of BIA-ALCL, routine implant removal is not required unless there are other implant concerns.
Are there ways to make breast implant surgery safer?
- There is growing evidence that suggests bacteria are associated with complications of breast implant surgery as all as the risk for capsular contracture - which doesn’t lead to cancer.
- Infection control standards are extremely important in breast surgery to ensure the best outcomes, and specialist plastic surgeons are expertly trained to ensure the highest standards of patient safety and lowest risk of infection.
- A 14 point plan has been developed for surgeons to help reduce the risk of bacteria growing around the implant. Dr Sharp has committed to this plan.
What should you do if you’re worried about BIA-ALCL?
- Contract the surgeon who performed your breast augmentation; if you can’t contact them, ask your GP for a referral to a specialist plastic surgeon.
- If you have breast swelling associated with breast implants, you may need a referral to have an ultrasound; if required, some fluid may be removed for testing. Most breast swelling that occurs after breast implants is not due to BIA-ALCL, but it should be excluded.
Can new breast implants be inserted after a BIA-ALCL diagnosis?
- Current treatment protocols indicate that the removal of both breast implants - along with the capsule around them - is required because a small number of cases have been diagnosed bilaterally (on both breasts at the same time).
- Implants are not replaced during this operation
- Smooth implants may be reinserted 12 months after the treatment of BIA-ALCL if the disease is no longer present, however the safety of this strategy is still being investigated
I’m considering breast implants but am also concerned about BIA-ALCL - what should I do?
- Discuss the risks and benefits of the surgery with your specialist plastic surgeon, including the risks of BIA-ALCL
- Discuss with your surgeon the steps that s/he takes to reduce the risk of biofilm formation
- Implant selection must take into account the risks and benefits of specific implant choices - implant selection will vary from patient to patient
- Breast implants aren’t for life; women with breast implants should always consider that they will require revision or replacement of the breast implant at some time, and as with all surgery, these future surgeries carry costs and risks.
- Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) website
- Safer Breast Implants website
- Australian Breast Device Registry website
- Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons advisory
Implant choice is a key factor that determines the final result of your breast augmentation.
How you choose to change your body today will affect how it looks - and the kinds of further surgery you may need - into the future; all things to consider from the outset when embarking on cosmetic surgery . Choose an implant that compliments your body now, and helps it maintain proportion into the future.
There are a number of factors to consider when selecting an implant that is right for you:
- What your breasts look like right now - their size, position and where their volume sits, as well as where your nipple is positioned
- The desired end result; some people want a beautifully proportioned, natural curve - while others favour a less natural look that sits higher, and is more obviously augmented.
- The plane being used during the augmentation, for example: under the muscle, above the muscle or ‘dual plane’.
- Which shape of implant (anatomical or round) is going to best achieve the desired outcome - some will achieve a natural look with less volume at the top of the breast and a gentle slope, while others provide more cleavage or the appearance of more breast tissue in the upper pole of the breast. The implant shape will be largely determined by your natural breast tissue, muscle and their placement on your chest wall before surgery.
- Previous breast surgery, issues or deformity
- Asymmetry; most women’s breasts are not even, but if there are significant differences in size or breast tissue position, different implants might be selected for each side
- The width and height of your chest and torso; breast should sit in balance with the rest of your anatomy - your surgeon will take measurements and calculate the optimal placement of implants on your chest.
Remember, you are unique! No two sets breasts are the same, either before or after surgery. Plastic and cosmetic surgery forums are littered with patients comparing the size of their implants and profiles, and while its understandable to presume that the implant size and profile will generally create the same results between similarly sized women, this should never be used as a guide for what is going to suit their individual anatomy. No two size 10 women having 320cc anatomical implants under the muscle are going to look the same after surgery - so using others’ sizes, profiles and implant types as a definitive guide for what is going to be best for you may ultimately be misguiding and lead to disappointing results.
The best way to ensure you choose the right implant for you is to:
1. Make the most of your consultations, and have more than one!
We recommend at least two consultations with your surgeon before breast augmentation surgery. In your first consult with Dr Sharp you will try on different ‘sizers’ with a bra and a t-shirt to give you an indication of what your final size may be. You will be able to take photos if you wish, to review and consider your options when you go home.
At your second consultation, you may repeat this process again to assist in making a final decision, with Dr Sharp’s assistance. If you have any doubts, book a third consult to ensure you are absolutely confident with your choice.
2. Think about how you want to look now - and also what you want to look like in 5, 10 and 20 years.
Our bodies change as we age, as gravity takes its toll and life changes - particularly pregnancy or menopause - seeing weight gain in typical areas of the body such as the waistline, breasts and thighs. Abnormally large breasts can make a woman look heavier, especially if she experiences weight gain in her upper arms or stomach. They place more weight on the shoulders and back, and can cause associated pain. They can stretch the areola around the nipple - and can also place more pressure on the skin, muscles and ligaments, eventually creating a sagging appearance that was not part of the initial desired outcome. Often, this requires more extensive surgery to counteract down the track; such as breast lift (mastopexy) surgery, with greater scars and surgical risks involved.
3. Take your time
Once a patient decides to have a breast augmentation, often they develop a great sense of excitement - and associated urgency - to have it done as soon as possible! While this is understandable, it can also lead to quick decisions that have not been fully considered or thought through. The majority of women who have breast augmentation surgery are very pleased with their choice of implant size. But there is great wisdom in ‘sleeping on it’ - preferably for weeks or months - before making a final choice in implant. It is too great a decision to be rushed through.
4. Research your implants - and why your surgeon uses them
With a wide range of implants now on the market in Australia, it is easy to be confused by what each one offers. The good news is, Australian regulations ensure that implants available locally are scrutinised to a very high standard, requiring vigilant reporting and adherence to safety benchmarks. Your surgeon should be able to explain the difference between the key brands of implants currently available. It is likely your surgeon has a specific brand of implants that she or he favours, and they should be able to explain to you in detail as to why they have chosen these. The implants Dr Sharp most frequently uses offer a wide range of implants and styles, and come with a lifetime replacement warranty for capsular contracture and rupture, providing additional peace of mind to patients as these are two of the most common breast augmentation complications that require further surgery in the future.
And finally, check with your surgeon as to whether the details of your implant will be registered with the Australian Breast Device Register which will enable you to access information about your breast implants into the future, even if your surgeon is no longer practicing.
To discuss which breast implant size and profile might best achieve your desired result, book a consultation with Dr Sharp by calling 3202 4744.
One of the most common facial surgery questions we receive is “how do I know whether I need a neck lift - or a lower facelift?”
Online forums and surgery websites provide conflicting information and terminology for these procedures; what they entail, and what they address for the ageing face - causing greater confusion. What is colloquially known as a ‘neck lift’ may not technically refer to the surgical procedure that this title traditionally entailed.
The face and neck age together and for the most part a neck lift should include elevation of the lower face. Conversely a lower facelift should includes tightening of the neck. In modern times where facelift and neck lift surgery aims to be less invasive, the operation has been discussed as one of the same. The one exception is an isolated platysmaplasty which can tighten the mid line neck without having any effect on the face. When performed on its own it is used to improve a sagging neck in a young patient who has no other signs of facial ageing.
A neck lift - or lower rhytidectomy - aims to improve the signs of ageing in the neck and lower jawline area, including:
- Loose neck skin or ‘turkey wattle’
- Excess skin in the lower face and jowls
- Excess fatty deposits under the chin
- Visible muscle bands running down the neck, which created abnormal contours
- Horizontal lines running across the neck
- Depending on your desired result, your neck lift surgery can be performed through a traditional complete neck lift incision, or a limited-incision neck lift.
- A limited-incision neck lift may involve incisions only around the ear. While the incisions are shorter and scars less visible, the results of this approach can be more limited.
If there is excess skin below the jawline, on the neck - or small deposits of fat accumulated under the chin area - a neck lift procedure may also be required. This procedure is tailored to the patient’s desired outcome. In some cases, liposuction may be used to remove excess fat, while in slim patients, only the platysma muscle is usually tightened and excess skin removed. The neck lift incision is made across the front of the neck, and the scar is often integrated into the lines of the skin to reduce its appearance.
What does a neck lift procedure involve?
A traditional neck lift incision starts in the hairline at the level of the hair in front of the ear, proceeds down and around the ear - and ends in the scalp around the back of the neck. Fat may be transferred, sculpting the jowls and neck - or dermal fillers can be used to recreate bone structure and fat that ageing has depleted.
The tissue underlying the neck skin is repositioned and if the platysma muscle is lax, it may be tightened. Skin is placed back over the uplifted contours and the excess skin is cut away. Often liposuction is also used to remove fat. A separate incision under the chin is usually necessary for liposuction and muscle repair, as mentioned above.
What won’t neck lift surgery address?
As a facial rejuvenation procedure, a neck lift will not change your overall appearance - and will not halt the ageing process. Neck lift surgery will not improve the condition of the skin on your neck or décolletage; non surgical skin treatments, including laser, micro needling and specialist skincare will address the pigmentation and deterioration of the skin health in these areas.
A neck lift can only be performed surgically; non-surgical rejuvenation treatments cannot achieve the same results in lifting and tightening the skin, but may help delay the time at which a neck lift becomes appropriate.
Often, people think they need a neck lift to address their jowls and sagging skin in their lower face, however the cause of their concerns actually begin with the loss (and migration) of their underlying facial support structures, such as fat - causing skin and tissue to hang around the lower face. In this case, a facelift - and subtle use of dermal fillers to replace lost bone structure and fat in the upper mid face - may address these issues, and a neck lift might not be required.
Is neck lift surgery performed on its own?
The aim of all facial cosmetic and plastic surgery should be to create as much balance and harmony as possible, while retaining a natural, healthy and realistic appearance. When the neck area doesn’t match the upper facial appearance, a neck lift may be a good solution; in some cases a neck lift may be performed on it’s own in cases where the neck has visibly aged quicker than the face. Usually, the face and neck age together, meaning a facelift and neck lift are often integrated into a single procedure, to harmonise the facial features and balance the results. A facelift might restore your facial appearance back to that of a 45 year old, but if your neck still looks like it’s 60 with protruding vertical platysmal bands and horizontal lining, the face and neck may look at odds beside each other, which is what we sometimes see in the notorious Hollywood plastic surgery tabloid media, that’s dead giveaway for facelift surgery - without consideration of the adjacent ageing neck.
When is facelift surgery performed with neck lift surgery?
Most neck lift surgery performed by Dr Sharp is coupled with a facelift that particularly focuses on the lower face, to ensure seamless aesthetic and functional results. Facelift surgery is often performed on its own in patients who are in their 40’s and 50’s, but if a patient is having their first facelift in their 60’s, Dr Sharp may recommend a neck lift as well, as this area will be demonstrating advanced signs of ageing.
By eliminating loose, sagging facial skin and repositioning underlying support structures, facelift surgery can create a ‘lifted’ effect that significantly reduces the visible signs of ageing like no other treatment or procedure can. When combined with neck lift, a facelift can compliment the reversal of visible signs of ageing on the neck as well - including sagging skin, loss of definition in the undercroft of the chin, neck wrinkles and thick bands.
What other procedures are commonly performed alongside a neck lift?
Rejuvenation procedures that are routinely performed in conjunction with a neck lift include fat transfer, liposuction, genionplasty (chin implant surgery to create chin projection where a deficit exists), lips and cheek enhancement or eyelid surgery, to rejuvenate ageing or excess skin above the eyes.
before and after facelift surgery and Fraxel treatment with Dr Sharp (at 12 weeks post surgery)
Dr Sharp’s advice for those considering any facial surgery:
Ask your surgeon to explain:
- the steps of the procedure
- what it aims to accomplish
- the location of incisions
- potential pitfalls and complications.
And ensure you don’t sign anything until you understand explicitly what you are consenting to!
If you’d like to know more about neck lift or facelift surgery, please call 3202 4744 or email firstname.lastname@example.org to book a consultation with Dr Sharp.
Our practice is excited to be the first plastic surgery clinic in Queensland to offer its patients access to the medical grade fractionated ‘Fraxel’ resurfacing technology.
The state of the art ‘dual’ laser strategically penetrates the skin to remove pre cancerous cells, sun damage.
It also reduces scars, softens lines and wrinkles - and stimulates collagen production.
Used in hospitals and day surgery centres, Dr David Sharp Plastic Surgery now provides unprecedented access to Fraxel, under the supervision of a qualified surgeon.
Treatments take 30 minutes and can be tailored to target any part of the face or body for sun damage, solar keratosis or scar revision, by stimulating the body’s own responses to controlled trauma. Starting from $450, it cannot currently be claimed through Medicare or private health funds.
Skin Consultant and Laser Certified technician Deborah Seib-Daniell, who has been working with lasers for over a decade, said the most satisfying aspect of delivering the treatments was the confidence-boosting results patients see.
“Often patients believe there’s was nothing that can be done to reduce the sun damage, pigmentation or scarring on their bodies,” she said.
“It prevents them from feeling confident in their own bodies. Now, we can help these patients right here in the comfort, convenience and privacy of our clinic.”
“We often see patients with scalps covered in scaly keratosis after years of sun exposure, and they wear a hat indoors because they’re too embarrassed by the condition of their skin. It’s so satisfying to have them come back after their Fraxel treatments and run their hands across their scalp and say ‘look at this, I never thought my skin would feel or look like this ever again!’
“But it isn’t only about a cosmetic result, solar keratosis can evolve into skin cancer down the track, requiring multiple costly surgeries and scarring; to help prevent that is incredibly rewarding.”
Dr Sharp said his clinic – which had to undergo rigorous certification to add the laser to its line up of non surgical laser treatments – selected the treatment not just for its ability to turn back the clock for ageing skin; he hopes one of its primary uses will be to treat the high levels of pre cancerous skin growths experienced in Queensland, and generate a greater awareness of the importance of good skin health.
“This is not a fluffy skin treatment that you can get anywhere; it is a powerful technology and is highly regulated to ensure patients get results in a safe, regulated medical environment,” Dr Sharp said.
The chance of a woman developing breast cancer up to age 85 is 1 in 8. One woman dies from breast cancer every 16 hours in Queensland.
While those figures sound depressing, when breast cancer is detected early, women have a much greater chance of being treated successfully. And for most women, the cancer will not return after treatment.
Breast cancer will affect all of us at some time in our lives; whether it be a loved one, colleague, friend – or ourselves – diagnosed with this common form of cancer. Breast cancer is often thought of as a woman’s disease, but it also occurs in male glandular chest tissues as well. Knowing the signs is key to early detection.
A defined lump is not always the first sign of breast cancer. Breast cancer symptoms can include:
- Thickening of the breast tissue
- Nipple discharge
- Redness or scaling of the nipple
- A nipple that becomes inverted (turned inwards)
- Unexplained redness, swelling, skin irritation, itchniness or rash on the breast.
Women of all ages should be familiar with the normal look and feel of their breasts. If you notice any of the following changes please see your doctor immediately:
- A lump, lumpiness or thickening of the breast
- Changes in the skin of a breast, such as puckering,dimpling or a rash
- Persistent or unusual breast pain
- A change in the shape or size of a breast
- Discharge from a nipple, a nipple rash or a change in its shape
The signs of breast cancer can involve all of these – or none at all. It’s important to remember that the best defence you have is you own ‘gut instinct’.
If you feel your breasts have changed unexpectedly – or something just isn’t right – listen to your inner alarm bell. When it comes to breast cancer, it is far better to have a screening ‘just in case’ that continue with a niggling feeling something could be wrong.
Dr David Sharp is committed to providing breast reconstruction education to women who have undergone partial or total mastectomy surgery in the Brisbane, Ipswich and regional areas of Queensland and Northern New South Wales. If you or someone you care about has had breast cancer surgery and would like to find out more about their options for reconstruction, please contact us on 3202 4744.
Click here to view some helpful links about breast cancer and reconstructive surgery.
Vogue Australia invited Dr Sharp to join industry experts at their inaugural Queensland cosmetic event this month.
Vogue editor-in-chief Edwina McCann introduced the event, which saw over 200 people fill the Versace Hotel’s grand ballroom for a day of seminars and interactive workshops with the speakers.
Dr Sharp spoke about facial cosmetic surgery, discussing face lift, rhinoplasty, otoplasty, chin implant and blepharoplasty procedures, while Dr Raja Sawhney discussed breast augmentation, reduction and lift surgery. Dr Christopher Leat shared the latest advancements in cosmetic injectables and Dr Shoban Manoharan, a specialist dermatologist, talked about the incredible results laser therapy can achieve. Dr Franck Page provided an insight into the world of cosmetic dentistry and dental implants, while Grant Power from Giorgio Armani revealed the iconic brand’s latest release of transformative makeup tools. Dmitri Papas from Papas + Pace finished the day off with the magic of the perfect cut.
From plastic surgery through to aesthetic dentistry, the medical professionals all had the same message for those considering cosmetic improvements; attaining a ‘natural look’ is the gold standard we should all be aiming for!
Here’s a behind the scenes glimpse of the event.
Photo credit: Whisper & Sing
The University of Western Australia (UWA) is calling for participants to join a pilot study into breast density among young women, in the hope of understanding cancer risks later in life.
High breast density is a strong predictors of breast cancer in older women, giving them a four to six times greater likelihood of developing cancer than women with low density.
Hoping to identify factors associated with increased density in younger populations, UWA is seeking women aged between 18 and 40 to participate in the study. If you live in West Australia and are interested in participating, click here to find out more.
Participants will be measured using a Transillumination Breast Spectroscopy, or TiBS using visible and near-infrared light. Researchers hope the machine may be used for screening under-40’s in the future, to monitor change in those typically too young to have mammograms.
Breast density can be impacted by smoking, alcohol and contraceptive use, giving an insight into future prevention strategies. Dense breasts are common and despite being a risk factor for cancer, they alone are not an indication that a woman will develop the disease.
The study will be funded by the National Breast Cancer Foundation.
breasts are classified as 'dense' when more than 50% of a breast consists of fibroglandular tissue
of women do not know if they have dense breasts
up to 40% of breast cancer goes undetected by mammography alone in women with dense breasts
Pregnancy stretches the abdominal muscles and skin, often leaving a pouch like appearance where the muscle are permanently separated, lax and weakened. This is called rectus divarication and it can lead to secondary problems such as hernias, difficulty exercising, pelvic floor problems, incontinence, skin infections, core strength deficits and back pain. A reconstructive abdominoplasty resolves this by rejoining the separated muscles, repairing hernias and removing loose skin. Far from being only a cosmetic procedure, it can have a significant impact on a woman’s core strength, continence and self esteem after having babies.
During this procedure, permanent stitches are used to pull the abdominal muscles together, restoring midsection support and creating a firmer abdomen. Sometimes the laxity of the lateral abdominal muscles (obliques) also requires permanent sutures to create an ideal shape; this is called muscle plication.
Up until 2016, the Medical Benefits Scheme included post partum abdominoplasty, offering a rebate on the procedure where it was deemed medically necessary. However, after 45 years of being allocated an item number, the procedure was removed from the scheme in December 2015, meaning the 6,000 women who require this surgery each year would have to pay around $10,000 to have it performed. As reported in The Australian, the Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) requested recommended against the removal, amid concerns over the life long repercussions women may experience if abdominal function is not restored.
Currently, women requiring reconstructive abdominoplasty must access this surgery through a private plastic surgeon. The cost varies depending on the surgeon, anaesthetist, hospital facility and length of inpatient stay, but generally ranges from $9,000 to $12,000.
Patients who require a post birth abdominoplasty often find that their muscle separation is not resolved through exercise, but may experience improvement in their core strength, incontinence and back pain issues with the help of a physiotherapist that specialises in postpartum therapy such as:
- Mummy and Co: www.mummyandco.com.au
- Body and Birth Physio: www.bodyandbirthphysio.com
- The Body Refinery: www.thebodyrefinery.com.au/physiotherapy/womens-health-physio/
- Yummy Mummy Physio: www.yummymummyphysio.com.au
- In Ipswich: Physioactive www.physioactive.com.au or Ipswich Physiotherapy www.ipswichphysiotherapy.com.au/marisa-strasser.php
- The Mater Hospital offer ‘back in shape’ classes to help support mums ease back into core strength exercise in the immediate period after having a baby. Click here to find out more.
In the meantime, the Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons continue to liaise with the government in the hope that the procedure may be returned to the Medicare Benefits Schedule in the future.
Neuroscientist Sara Lazar from Harvard Medical School has published research that flouts the commonly held belief that the human brain shrinks with age. Her research shows that when people meditate frequently, the area of the brain responsible for executive decision making and memory does not change over the decades.
The study concluded that 27 minutes of meditation each day for eight weeks can create positive, measurable changes in the brain.
The link between high stress levels and physical signs of ageing has long been accepted by science, with patients who have higher stress levels also finding it more difficult to recover from surgery, experiencing delayed healing and poorer immune defences to infection. From yoga through to tai chi and other more unstructured forms of relaxation techniques, there are numerous benefits of meditation, including better decision making, lower blood pressure and improved mental health. Best of all, it doesn’t require expensive gym memberships or equipment - and can be done literally anywhere.
And it’s never too late. Dr Lazar’s research showed that when non-meditators began mediating daily, their grey matter actually grew. That’s as good a reason as any to tap into your inner yogi.
Watch Dr Lazar’s TEDx presentation about meditation and stress here:
Dr Sharp will feature as one of Vogue Magazine Australia’s experts in plastic and cosmetic surgery this weekend at the magazine’s inaugural Beauty & Anti Ageing Event at Palazzo Versace on the Gold Coast.
Speaking on the various facial cosmetic surgery procedures available to all age groups, Dr Sharp will share his insights into rhinoplasty, eyelid reduction (blepharoplasty), facelift, otoplasty (ear pinning), neck lift, genioplasty (chin augmentation) and brow lift surgery.
Update: Vogue has advised us that tickets to this year’s event have sold out, but if you have signed up for Dr Sharp’s e-news, keep an eye out for the highlights in next month’s issue, and we will let you know when the next Vogue event comes around!
Back in the 1990’s eyebrows were whisper thin arches, resembling barely a relic of what nature endowed. And for many of us, all those years of plucking resulted in a permanent brow hair deficit. So when the noughties swung around and facial aesthetic trends turned towards bushy thick brows, most of us were left feeling rather follically challenged. That’s when the popularity of cosmetic tattooing began to emerge, with women turning to ink to restore what genetics, tweezers or waxing had taken away. In recent years, the art of feather touch brow tattooing has soared, whereby a natural-looking brow is formed at the hands of an experienced tattooist by recreating the look of well-placed hairs, strand by strand.
Our skin clinician Deborah Seib-Daniell has been coiffuring brows for 15 years and said “the pendulum has thankfully now swung towards a more moderate groomed look that is both natural and defined”.
Deborah said eyebrows are one of the “hardest working” elements of facial aesthetics, framing the face and creating ratio.
“The aesthetic importance of the eyebrow cannot be understated, it’s a key defining factor in facial aesthetics and beauty.”
Deborah said over elevation of the brow creates an unnatural, surprised look, while a low-placed brow with a high lateral peak creates an angry look.
It is impossible to define an ideal eyebrow that is suitable for every face, ethnicity, age and gender. But the ideal eyebrow aesthetic typically involves the inside of the brow beginning in line with the edge of the nostril, and ending at an oblique line drawn from the outside of the nostril through the outside corner of the eye. Both ends of the brow should lie at approximately the same horizontal level. The apex, or top of the arch, lies on a vertical line directly above the outside run of the iris, which should also match the same point that is found when a line is drawn from the outside of the nostril through the pupil.
Ideally, browns should be about two shades deeper than the colour of the hair on your head. When permanent makeup tattooing is applied correctly to eyebrows, it can have an anti-ageing effect, providing a lifted and more open appearance to the eye area.
Eyebrow tattooing treatments take approximately 1 hour, with a follow up appointment 6 weeks later - and the results last about 18 months to two years. Costs begin at $499.
To investigate what eyebrow tattooing can do for you, contact Deborah at email@example.com or call 3202 4744.
Reported by Anna Hartley | 6th April | Queensland Times:
SOME might be quick to assume young women would make up most cosmetic surgery candidates.
According to Ipswich plastic and reconstructive surgeon Dr David Sharp, the majority of people who come to him for plastic surgery are in fact women in their 40s and 50s.
The surgeon said the most common cosmetic procedures he performed were tummy tucks, breast reduction and augmentation surgery.
“There is a large group of patients who have thought about having cosmetic surgery for years, usually females in their 40s or 50s who’ve had their children, who say, ‘I want to do something for myself now’.,” Dr Sharp said.
“After skin cancer there is a lot of cosmetic stuff coming through and of that it’s mainly abdominoplasty, breast reductions, and breast augmentation.”
Dr Sharp said his biggest concern when it came to cosmetic surgery was the trend of people choosing the “cheap” option.
“The only people who are qualified to call themselves surgeons in Australia have to have a fellowship with the Royal Australian College of Surgeons,” he said.
“My advice would be for cosmetic surgery candidates to really do their research.
“I’ve heard some horror stories. The cheapest option is not necessarily the best.”
Read the full article at The Queensland Times.
Read the full article on the Queensland Times website
To celebrate Mother’s Day and the special women in our lives, the team at Dr David Sharp Plastic Surgery shares the pearls of wisdom bestowed by their mums for good health, beauty and wellbeing…
Mum lives by some principles that I’ve tried to pass down to my own daughter, Eldene. Roald Dahl describes her ethos perfectly:
“If a person has ugly thoughts, it begins to show on their face. And when that person has ugly thoughts every day, every week, every year, the face gets uglier and uglier until it gets so ugly you can hardly bear to look at it. A person who has good thoughts cannot ever be ugly. You can have a wonky nose and a crooked mouth and a double chin and stick-out teeth, but if you have good thoughts they will shine out of your face like sunbeams and you will always look lovely.”
Mum’s advice for my sisters and I was always quite Marilyn Monroe-esque: “Get lots of sleep. On your back. On silk pillow cases spritzed with Chanel No. 5”. Even if you’re slipping into bed in a daggy fleecy onesie, it makes you feel a million dollars after a big day. Mum swore by sleeping on silk pillow cases to prevent wrinkles forming; and looking at her, you’d believe it works (and if it doesn’t, at least it’s added a bit of glamour to bedtime, which can never be a bad thing)!
Getting plenty of sleep is definitely a factor in anti aging. It fuels an energetic, positive attitude, which is then exhibited through our appearance. Mum has always embodies a beautiful example in that respect.
I was a barefooted and adventurous child, so my mother was more inclined to offer beauty advice to my sister, who was a model and far more glamourous! But sometimes motherly advice comes from unexpected sources, and one beauty tip I have never forgotten came from a stylish, ageless socialite I was looking after as an 18 year old trainee nurse in Sydney in the 70’s. Towards the end of my night shift one morning, she saw me rub at my tired eyes, and admonished me for being too rough with this delicate skin. She told me to treat the skin around my eyes gently, to avoid prematurely aging. Even now, decades later, I vividly remember her voice and her beautiful, flawless complexion every time I go to rub my eyes…and I’m a little more gentle because of it!
Decades before ‘clean eating’ became a trend, mum’s advice about good nutrition and body image was a vivid part of my childhood. There was never talk of diets, low-fat food or guilt. Mum’s an incredible gardener and cook, and almost every meal was home-grown or sourced from a nearby farm; somehow she managed to do this while working and raising a busy family. Being taught to treasure your body and put effort into nourishing it is an invaluable start to life. As a child, it evoked plenty of eye-rolling, but as an adult I realised it’s the foundation of valuing how we feel and look. Every Sunday mum still collects a basketfull of produce from her garden and spends the day slow cooking a feast for her 13 children and grandchildren.
My mum, Somlak, grew up on a river boat in Thailand; survival certainly took priority over beauty and wellness while living in poverty for the first half of her life! She became fluent in English when I was about five, and that’s when she began sharing her ‘cultural wisdom’ with me. In Thailand, her family would shave off their children’s hair to mark developmental milestones.
When I was six, mum took me back to her village, so her family could shave my head. She told me that if I ever wanted to rejuvenate or renew myself, I should do this to shrug of the ‘old’ and start afresh. It’s a simple, but beautiful, symbol of regeneration.
One of my mother’s pearls of wisdom when it came to beauty and wellbeing was the importance of hydration. As all young children do, I probably underestimated the importance of this advice during my childhood. Having studied nutrition as an adult, I can appreciate the importance of her advice. Living in Queensland it’s warm all year round it’s too easy to constantly deprive our bodies of the water they need. It is integral to good body and skin function, and therefore has a direct impact on how healthy and rejuvenated we look. My mother is no longer with us, so Mothers Day is a poignant time of reflection on her life - and about the preciousness of good health.
Numbness is a normal part of any surgical procedure, and can be expected for several weeks or months after surgery, as the nerves are traumatised by surgery and may be compressed by swelling. Sensation in the breast and nipple can increase or decrease after augmentation surgery - ranging from a total loss of feeling through to tingling or sharp twinges.
Most loss of feeling will resolve in 2 to 3 months, however some areas - such as the nipples and the area directly around the scar line - can take up to 2 years to resolve. The last place to regain the sensation will be directly adjacent to the incision, as the nerves make their way from the periphery to the scarline. In some cases, sensation may never return to 100% of what it felt like previously over the scar area.
This is slightly more likely to be the case when breast lift surgery is performed along with the augmentation.
The usual signs of the nerves regenerating is itching, followed by a burning sensation and then occasional sharp pains; these are normal. Sometimes women feel hesitant to touch the numb areas of their breast as they can feel strange and separate from their body, however it is important to massage and stimulate the nerves to encourage regeneration - you can combine this with your daily scar minimisation massage.
The size of the implant relative to the size of your chest diameter is the most important factor that impacts sensory changes, especially numbness; which is why it is important to select an implant size that is appropriate for your body. Breasts are a normal aspect of female pleasure and there’s no point having the breast size you always wanted, if you can no longer enjoy normal sensation.
The smaller the implant, the less dissection required relative to the base of the breast, and the lower the likelihood that nerves innervating the breast from the periphery of the breast will be disturbed.
If persistent sensory changes concern you, it is important to discuss this with your surgeon.
Dr Sharp’s practice at Tri Rhosen House in Ipswich was founded by Dr Hugh Bartholomeusz OAM, who recently retired from the region. This article is a tribute to Dr Bartholomeusz’s incredible contribution to surgery in the area; and the warmth, compassion and commitment to surgical excellence that the practice was founded upon - a tradition that Dr Sharp and his team are proud to continue….
Queensland Times | Brian Bennion | 8th February 2016
AFTER 31 years leading the way in innovative day surgery, plastic surgeon Dr Hugh Bartholomeusz has decided to hand over his practice and wind down his schedule, looking to retirement.
He was the founder of Tri Rhosen Day Hospital, the first multi disciplinary day hospital in the region, which was opened in Court St in 1996 by the then Governor General Bill Hayden.
Dr Bartholomeusz has also been a leading figure in the establishment of West Moreton Anglican College, the University of Queensland Ipswich campus and a leader for the Australian Air Force Cadets and RAAF’s Medical Branch
He has been in private plastic surgery practice in Brisbane and the West Moreton region since 1985 and is currently Head of the Plastic Surgery Unit at Greenslopes Private Hospital.
With his 63rd birthday approaching, Dr Bartholomeusz said it was a good time to retire from Ipswich and he has handed over his practice in Ipswich to Dr David Sharp. He will still practice at Greenslopes Hospital until the end of the year, but intends to fully retire and move to New Zealand with his wife Helga.
“We have discovered New Zealand. We love Queenstown, we built a house in Queenstown and we will be spending a lot of our retirement days there,” he said.
“It is early retirement, but I don’t want to be operating until I’m 75. Some people love it, but that’s just not me.”
During his time in Ipswich he has been Chairman of the Queensland Branch of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Foundation Chairman of the Council of West Moreton Anglican College, Chairman of the Medical Executive Committee of St Andrews Hospital, Ipswich and Chairman of the National Trust Restoration Committee for St Paul’s Anglican Church and holds the rank of Air Vice-Marshal.
“The Ipswich area offered me a lot of opportunities, not just professionally, but I got involved in the church, the restoration of St Paul’s,” he said.
“I was invited to join the fledgling board of the Anglican College and I suddenly found myself at the first meeting of the full board as the chairman and there I stayed for 12 years.
“That was a magnificent journey. And then I was the second chairman of the Friends of UQ Ipswich,” he added.
He was President of the Ipswich Amberley Support Group and Chair of the Friends of University of Queensland Ipswich.
At an International level, he has been World President of the International Air Cadet Exchange Association and has also been the Representative of the Australian Day Surgery Council on the International Association of Ambulatory Surgery.
At a national level, Dr Bartholomeusz has been Chairman of the Australian Day Surgery Council and he is currently President of the Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons.